This paper briefly reviews the status of distance education and virtual education in the higher-education sector in Africa. The key issues affecting distance education in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are identified and discussed. An analysis of the major issues facing distance education in SSA is made. It is noted that the full range of opportunities offered by information and communication technology (ICT) for higher education in Africa is largely underexploited. Factors responsible for this situation are identified and a range of strategies is recommended for resolving this situation. Finally, a model of distance education that can potentially enhance the use of ICT in higher education in SSA is proposed.