In the present research the author has tried to bring together the literature and collected data to examine elderly people's quality of life in Iran. In the exploratory phase, a focused group of elderly people was approached and observed. The paper also is intended for students of social policy and those responsible for the elderly people. The author hopes that the present research would act as a beginning step to expand gerontology, which is less developed in countries like Iran, as a new academic discipline. Older people are particularly interesting to study, not only because they are builders of our past, and what has led to the present, but also more importantly, they constitute the group to which, in due course, most of us will belong.This paper examines the living conditions of the elderly residing at the elderly centers in Iran with special reference to Tehran through an empirical method. In this research, while reviewing the relevant literature, the author has referred to various theories as required to assess the elderly people's quality of life. The paper also explores a perspective of the elderly people in Tehran so far as their needs, expectations, their retirement life, and their health weaknesses are concerned. The survey is carried out in the hope of creating further research drives and incentives among the young social researchers.However, as the number of elderly people is on the rise in Iran due to change in the entire social structure of the country and increase in life expectancy, there is a need for further investments to prevent the likely future challenges.