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Gendering Border Spaces: Impact of Open Border Policy Between Cambodia-Thailand on Small-scale Women Fish Traders

In: African and Asian Studies
Authors:
Kyoko Kusakabe Gender and Development Studies, School of Environment, Resources and Development, Asian Institute of Technology, P.O. Box 4, Klong Luang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand

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Prak Sereyvath Cambodiam Center for Study and Development in Agriculture (CEDAC), Tuol Kok, Phnom Penh, Cambodia

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Ubolratana Suntornratana Fisheries biologist, Udonthani Inland Fisheries Research and Development Center, Udonthani Province 41000, Thailand

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Napaporn Sriputinibondh Udonthani Inland Fisheries Research and Development Center, Udonthani Province 41000, Thailand

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Abstract

The study examined how the commodity chain of freshwater fresh fish trade between Thailand and Cambodia developed and became sex segregated, and how women small-scale traders are positioned in the chain. The open border policy increased trade and demand for fish, and made it more difficult for small-scale traders to secure fish. Lack of state control led to rent-seeking, which further closed opportunities for resourceless small-scale traders. Women small-scale border traders tried to counter the marginalization through establishing social networks, but with limited success. Field interviews with 86 traders at the border areas of Thailand and Cambodia were conducted to explore these points.

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