On the osteology and myology of the cephalic region and pectoral girdle of Chaca bankanensis Bleeker 1852, with comments on the autapomorphies and phylogenetic relationships of the Chacidae (Teleostei: Siluriformes)

in Animal Biology
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Abstract

The cephalic and pectoral girdle structures of Chaca bankanensis are described and compared to those of other catfishes, as the foundation for a discussion on the autapomorphies and phylogenetic relationships of the Chacidae. Our observations and comparisons pointed out six new chacid autapomorphies, namely: (1) absence of abductor superficialis; (2) ethmoid cartilage with long, thin, anterolateral projections situated ventrally to the anterolateral arms of mesethmoid; (3) interopercular with well-developed, deep concavity to articulate with posterior surface of preopercular; (4) dorsal process 2 of the cleithrum highly developed and markedly extended posteriorly. In addition, our observations and comparisons support a close relationship between the chacids, the plotosids and the clariids.

On the osteology and myology of the cephalic region and pectoral girdle of Chaca bankanensis Bleeker 1852, with comments on the autapomorphies and phylogenetic relationships of the Chacidae (Teleostei: Siluriformes)

in Animal Biology

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