Population genetic structure of golden pheasant Chrysolophus pictus in the Qinling Mountains, China

in Animal Biology
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The golden pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus) is an endemic pheasant of central China and is protected under national legislation. The Qinling Mountains form a natural barrier between northern and southern China. We investigated the population genetic structure using 1123 nucleotides of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control-region from 55 individuals sampled from five populations of gold pheasant in the Qinling Mountains. We found sixteen haplotypes defined by fourteen polymorphic sites. Phylogenetic analyses showed that the haplotypes sampled from the five putative populations did not cluster into separate geographic branches. There was an insignificant genetic differentiation among the putative populations (except GSTS population), probably due to high levels of gene flow. Results from the mismatch distribution and neutrality test analyses indicated the populations did not experience a range expansion over the course of their histories. They also suggested there was no geographical isolation shaped by the Qingling Mountains for Chrysolophus pictus.

Population genetic structure of golden pheasant Chrysolophus pictus in the Qinling Mountains, China

in Animal Biology



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    Sampling localities in this study. This figure is published in colour in the online version.

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    Maximum likelihood tree based on HKY + I + G model of golden pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus, 16 haplotypes). Numbers at internodes represent the bootstrap percentage values (≥50%, 10 000 replications). The variable positions of each haplotype are shown in table 1. Chrysolophus amherstiae (Cam) was used as outgroup.

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    Haplotype network using the number of different mutations among 16 mtDNA haplotpyes of golden pheasant. White circles indicated missing haplotypes that were not observed. The variable positions of each haplotype are shown in table 1. This figure is published in colour in the online version.

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    Mismatch distributions for Chrysolophus pictus.

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