Multiple paternity in different populations of the sailfin molly, Poecilia latipinna

in Animal Biology
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Rates of multiple paternities were investigated in the sailfin molly (Poecilia latipinna), using eight microsatellite loci. Genotyping was performed for offspring and mothers in 40 broods from four allopatric populations from the south-eastern U.S.A. along a geographic stretch of 1200 km in west-east direction and approximately 200 km from north to south. No significant differences regarding rates of multiple paternities were found between populations despite sample populations stemming from ecologically divergent habitats. Even the most conservative statistical approach revealed a minimum of 70% of the broods being sired by at least two males, with an average of 1.80-2.95 putative fathers per brood. Within broods, one male typically sired far more offspring than would be expected under an assumed equal probability of all detected males siring offspring.

Multiple paternity in different populations of the sailfin molly, Poecilia latipinna

in Animal Biology

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Figures

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    Overview of the sampled sites. Population IS08-012 is located at N 29°45.631, W 93°51.016, population IS08-021 at N 30°14.281, W 89°37.228, population IS08-030 at N 29°47.872, W 84°44.678 and population IS08-046 at N 28°51.045, W 81°41.423.

  • View in gallery

    Comparison among the four populations of numbers of putative fathers according to Colony, Kinalyzer, Manual 1 and Manual 2. Illustrated is the mean (± SE) number of putative sires across broods per population.

  • View in gallery

    The most likely division of offspring into families estimated by Colony for all populations. Each bar depicts the offspring of one female sailfin molly. Division within each bar in greyscale gives the number of offspring attributed to different putative sires.

  • View in gallery

    Observed ratio of males’ individual reproductive success (number of embryos sired per male) in four sailfin molly populations based on the calculations of the programmes (A) Colony and (B) Kinalyzer plotted against an expected even distribution of individual males’ reproductive contribution.

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