Species composition and distribution of thrips (Thysanoptera) in mango orchards of China

in Animal Biology
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Abstract

Mango is an important tropical fruit, and thrips are important pests that have threatened mango yield and quality in recent years. It is important to determine the dominant species and distribution of thrips in mango for effective thrips control. In the present study, the species of thrips in mango flowers in the five main mango-producing provinces of China, and the species of thrips in different phenological stages of mango in Hainan Province were investigated. Thrips species on weeds in mango agroecosystems were also determined. The results indicated that in total there are 41 species of thrips in mango orchards in the five main mango-producing provinces of China, belonging to 21 genera, five subfamilies and three families. These are 31 species in 13 genera of Thripidae, nine species in seven genera of Phlaeothripidae, and one species in one genus of Aeolothripidae. The major species of thrips differed across the main mango production areas. Thus, 26, 17, 23, 12 and 7 species of thrips were collected in mango orchards in Hainan, Guangxi, Yunnan, Sichuan and Fujian, respectively. Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande), an important invasive pest in China, was only discovered in mango orchards in Yunnan and Sichuan. Thrips species and population dynamics are closely related to the phenological stage of mango. In Hainan, the dominant thrips species during the shoot period and young fruit stage was Scirtothrips dorsalis Hood. In the flowering period, the thrips population increased significantly and species composition became complicated in the field, with Thrips hawaiiensis and F. intonsa being the dominant species. Frankliniella intonsa and T. hawaiiensis were the dominant species on weeds in the mango ecosystem, which was consistent with them being dominant thrips species on mango. It is speculated that in mango ecosystems, weeds provide refuge to thrips and removing weeds benefits thrips control in mango orchards during the flowering period.

Species composition and distribution of thrips (Thysanoptera) in mango orchards of China

in Animal Biology

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References

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Figures

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    Distribution of thrips survey points in main mango production areas in China.

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    Species and number of thrips specimens collected from mango orchards in China.

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    Distribution of Frankliniella occidentalis in five mango production areas in China. Abbreviations: N, number of survey points; Ratio, percentage of thrips population in total of local samples.

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    Distribution of Thrips hawaiiensis in mango production areas in China. Abbreviations: N, number of survey points; Ratio, percentage of thrips population in total of local samples.

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    Distribution of Frankliniella intonsa in mango production areas in China. Abbreviations: N, number of survey points; Ratio, percentage of thrips population in total of local samples.

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    Distribution of Thrips palmi in mango production areas in China. Abbreviations: N, number of survey points; Ratio, percentage of thrips population in total of local samples.

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    Distribution of Haplothrips chinensis in mango production areas in China. Abbreviations: N, number of survey points; Ratio, percentage of thrips population in total of local samples.

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    Thrips species and samples collected at different phenological stages of mango in Hainan, China.

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    Occurrence of thrips in mango’s shoot stage in Hainan and survey points. Abbreviation: No. thrips, the total number of thrips at survey points.

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    Thrips occurrence in flowering period in Hainan and survey point. Abbreviation: No. thrips, the total numer of thrips on survey point.

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    Thrips occurrence in young fruit stage in Hainan and survey point. Abbreviation: No. thrips, the total numer of thrips on survey point.

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    Thrips species sampled on mango in the flowering stage in Daoxi orchards in Dongfang City, Hainan Province.

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    Species and number of thrips specimens collected from weeds in Daoxi orchards in Dongfang City, Hainan Province.

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