This article reports on the latest data provided by the 2014 excavation campaign at the Early Historic urban site of Bīr-koṭ-ghwaṇḍai, Swat. The campaign, which followed an intensive 3-year excavation carried out inside the sw quarter of the ancient town, focused on the sw external area, and revealed a complex sequence of constructions, collapses and abandonment of the external defenses of the site. The new data are compared with others from previous excavation campaigns in the same site.
CallieriP.BrocatoP.FiligenziA.OlivieriL.M.NascariM.Bīr-koṭ-ghwaṇḍai 1990-1992Annali dell’Istituto Orientale di Napoli1992524Suppl. 73A Preliminary Report on the Excavations of the Italian Archaeological Mission, IsMEO
CollivaL.Ghani-ur-RahmanOlivieriL.M.The Excavation of the Archaeological Site of Barikot (Bīr-koṭ-ghwaṇḍai) and its Chronological SequenceItalian Archaeology and Anthropology in Northern Pakistan (1955-2011). Journal of Asian Civilizations2011341157191Special Issue
OlivieriL.M.The Last Phases of the Urban site of Bir-kot-ghwandai (Barikot)2014Lahore(with Afridi, A., Batool, A., Butt, A., Durrani, B.B., Colliva, L., Cupitò, M., Genchi, F., Ibrahim, M., Marati, I., Martore, F., Micheli, R., Misbah Ullah, Nawaz-ud-Din, Niaz Ali Shah, S., Qayyum, I., Quarta, G., Vidale, M. & Zahir, M.)(actReports and Memoirs 2)