The Discovery of Altÿnkazgan

In: Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to Siberia
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  • 1 Mangistaus State Historical and Cultural Reserve, Aktau, Kazakhstan
  • 2 Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology, Siberian Department, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia

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This article is devoted to the recently discovered site from the Hunnic period within the territory of the Mangÿshlak Peninsula (Kazakhstan). Inside a stone enclosure the silver facing of a saddle was found bearing depictions of animals and birds. The article provides a cultural interpretation of the site and a stylistic and semantic analysis of the depictions on the facings.

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  • 1

    Dmitriev 1979, fig. 1.

  • 2

    On this, see Akhmedov 2012, 19-20, fig. 2.

  • 3

    Rapoport, Trudnovskaya 1979, fig. 1, 3-6.

  • 4

    Rapoport, Trudnovskaya 1979, 158, fig. 7.

  • 5

    Zasetskaya 1994, 84-85.

  • 6

    Rapoport, Trudnovskaya 1979, 165.

  • 7

    Yagodin 2014, 266.

  • 8

    Moshkova 1984, 200-201.

  • 9

    Moshkova 1984, 201.

  • 10

    Komar 2013, 89.

  • 11

    See the materials described in Botalov 2009, 362-408.

  • 12

    Komar 2013, 100.

  • 13

    Zasetskaya 1994, pl. 2, 7, 10.

  • 14

    Zasetskaya 1994, pl. 4, 7, 35, 41, 47.

  • 15

    Zasetskaya 1984, 72-74, fig. 2.

  • 16

    Ambroz 1973, fig. 2; Ambroz 1989, fig. 7.

  • 17

    See, for example Dmitriev 1997, 219, fig. 5 a,b; Vaïnshteïn 1966, fig. 40; Vaïnshteïn & Kryukov 1984, fig. 16.

  • 18

    Vaïnshteïn 1966, pls. x, xi.

  • 20

    Kÿzlasov 1979, 137-139.

  • 21

    Vainshtein & Kryukov 1984, 129-130.

  • 22

    Ambroz 1979, 229.

  • 24

    Akhmedov 2012, 24.

  • 25

    See Evtyukhova 1948, figs. 84-86.

  • 26

    Savinov 2005, 19.

  • 27

    Polos’mak 1994, fig. 21.

  • 28

    Kubarev 1987, pl. lxix.

  • 29

    See, for example Bogdanov 2006, pl. lxxxv.

  • 30

    Kun 2000, 46.

  • 31

    Ryabintsev 2001, 338.

  • 32

    Starodubtsev, Zorin, Shpilev 2014, 97-98, fig. 124.

  • 33

    See, for example Zasetskaya 1984, 72-73.

  • 34

    Ol’khovskiï 2001, 107.

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