The Peculiarities of the Geographical Distribution of the Pazyryk Kurgans

in Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to Siberia
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Abstract

The article proposes a division of the Pazyryk culture sites from the steppe valleys of the mountain Altai according to landscape-and-geographical principle − along the Katun-Chuya ridge into west and east habitats. A review of basic sites within the limits of the two habitats revealed differences in their number, location and burial inventory, confirming the existence of the two habitats.

Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to Siberia

An International Journal of Comparative Studies in History and Archaeology

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References

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Figures

  • The Pazyryk sites of Gorny Altai (Kiryushin et alii 2003, 171-173, figs. 3-5).
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  • The valleys of Gorny Altai: i – Ukok valley (plateau); ii – Chuya valley (steppe); iii – Ulagan valley; iv – Bukhtarma valley; V – Kannsk-Uimon valley (steppe); vi – Ongudai valley (steppe); vii – Upper Katun valley.
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  • Ak-Alakha valley. Bertek-27 kurgan group (Derevyanko et alii 1994, fig. 10).
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  • Chuya valley. Ala-Gail burial mound group (Kubarev & Shul’ga 2007, fig. 25, 1).
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  • Ulagan valley. Pazyryk kurgan group. Plan (Rudenko 1953, fig. 2).
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  • Felt hats of the Pazyryk culture: 1 – Ulagan valley, Pazyryk (Polos’mak 2001, pl. xix, b); 2 – Ak-Alakha valley, Verkhny Kaldzhin-2, kurgan 3 (Polos’mak 2001, pl. xix, g); 3 – Chuya valley, Ulandryk-2, kurgan 8 (Kubarev 1987, pl. l, 7).
    View in gallery
  • Ongudai valley. Bashadar kurgan group. Plan (Rudenko 1960, fig. 10).
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  • Ongudai valley. Tuekta kurgan group (Rudenko 1960, fig. 52).
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  • Bukhtarma valley. Berel kurgan 11. Reconstruction (Samashev 2007, fig. 4).
    View in gallery
  • Ulagan valley. Pazyryk kurgan 1. Reconstruction (Rolle 1980, 63).
    View in gallery

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