Samoan Japanese artist Yuki Kihara’s photographic series Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? (2013) focuses on sites of current and historical significance in Samoa. In taking on the title of French artist Paul Gauguin’s 1897 work, Kihara signals her desire to engage with the history of representation of the Pacific in Western art through dialogue with Gauguin and the history of colonial photography. Casting herself as a version of Thomas Andrew’s Samoan Half Caste (1886), a figure in Victorian mourning dress, she directs the viewer’s gaze and invites all to share her acts of mourning at these sites. The literal meaning of the title also indicates how the series engages with history via the Samoan concept of vā, collapsing time in space, to produce an understanding of both the country’s present and the potential future such history invites.
AltizerSoniaOstfeldRichard S. Pieter T. J. Johnson Susan Kutz and C. Drew Harvell. “Climate Change and Infectious Diseases: From Evidence to a Predictive Framework” Science 341 no. 6145 (2013): 514–519.
“Exhibition Text.” Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? Milford Gallery. Accessed 15 October 2015. https://www.milfordgalleries.co.nz/dunedin/exhibitions/328-Yuki-Kihara-Where-do-we-come-from-What-are-we-Where-are-we-going.
FigielSia. Where We Once Belonged. Auckland: Pasifika Press1996.
Gifford Adam. “Shigeyuki Kihara: A Lament for the Lost.” New Zealand Herald 8 September 2012. Accessed 15 October 2015. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/entertainment/news/article.cfm?c_id=1501119&objectid=10832438.
HardachGerd. “Defining Separate Spheres: German Rule and Colonial Law in Micronesia.” In European Impact and Pacific Influence: British and German Colonial Policy in the Pacific Islands and the Indigenous Response edited by HieryHermann J. and MacKenzieJohn M.231–258. London: IB Taurus1997.
Kihara Yuki. “Artist Statement.” Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? Milford Gallery 2013. https://www.milfordgalleries.co.nz/dunedin/exhibitions/328-Yuki-Kihara-Where-do-we-come-from-What-are-we-Where-are-we-going.
MeleiseaMalama. Making of Modern Samoa: Traditional Authority and Colonial Administration in the History of Western Samoa. Suva, Fiji: Institute of Pacific Studies of the University of the South Pacific1987.
MessenhöllerPeter and NordströmAlison Devine. “Checklist of the Exhibition.” In Picturing Paradise: Colonial Photography of Samoa 1875 to 1925 edited by BlantonCasey105–129. Daytona, FL: Daytona Beach Community College1995.
Refiti Albert L. “How the Tā-Vā Theory of Reality Constructs a Spatial Exposition of Samoan Architecture.” Heretic Papers in Pacific Thought (2013). Accessed 8 November 2016. http://www.academia.edu/3570169/How_the_Ta_-Va_theory_of_reality_constructs_a_spatial_exposition_of_Samoan_architecture.
RosiPamela. “Shigeyuki Kihara: Subverting Dusky Maidens and Exotic Tropes of Pacific Paradise.” ArtAsiaPacific51 (2007): 72–73.
Satele Daniel Michael. “Shigeyuki Kihara: Dark Angel of History.” TautaiJune 2013. Accessed 14 September 2015. https://issuu.com/tautaipacificartstrust/docs/tautai_june_2013_web_pdf?workerAddress=ec2-54-227-15-98.compute-1.amazonaws.com.
Seiuli Byron Malaela Sotiata. “Ua tafea le tau’ofe: Samoan cultural rituals through death and bereavement experiences.” PhD dissertation: University of Waikato2015.
Tassie Whitney. “Shigeyuki Kihara.” Salt 8 (2013). Accessed 8 January 2016. http://www.academia.edu/6325527/salt_8_Shigeyuki_Kihara.
TcherkézoffSerge. “A Reconsideration of the Role of Polynesian Women in Early Encounters with Europeans: Supplement to Marshall Sahlins’ Voyage around the Islands of History
.” In Oceanic Encounters: Exchange Desire Violence edited by JollyMargaretTcherkézoffSerge and TryonDarrell113–159. Canberra: Australian National University Press2009.
Teaiwa Katerina M. “An Interview with Interdisciplinary Artist Shigeyuki Kihara.” Intersections: Gender and Sexuality in Asia and the Pacific 27 (2011). Accessed 26 July 2014. http://intersections.anu.edu.au/issue27/kihara.htm.
ThackrayLucy. “Death Toll in Fiji Rises to 44 With a 10-Month-Old Baby Among Those Presumed Dead After Catastrophic Cyclone Winston Tore Through the Country Wiping Out Whole Village.” Daily Mail Australia 25 February 2016.
“The Banishment of Tupua Tamasese Lealofi iii.” New Zealand History. 2 September 2014. Accessed 19 October 2015. https://nzhistory.govt.nz/media/photo/banashment-tupua-tamasese-lealofi-iii.
TreagusMandy. “Crossing the Beach: Samoa, Stevenson and ‘The Beach at Falesa’.” Literature Compass11 no. 5 (2014): 312–20.
TufufiaLanuola and Jason Brown. “Lalomanu Residents in Samoa Remember 2009Tsunami.”Pacific Islands Report. From Samoa Observer30 September 2013. Accessed 14 September 2015. http://www.pidp.org/pireport/2013/October/10-01-05.htm.
Alexander SpoehrMajuro: A Village in the Marshall Islands (Chicago: Chicago Natural History Museum1949) 59. In slight contradiction to this Spennemann claims that only finger tattoos were signs of high status in women and hand tattoos were more common. Samoan Half Caste appears only to wear hand (not finger) tattoos but her bearing marks her status if nothing else. Dirk H. R. Spennemann Tattooing in the Marshall Islands (Honolulu: Bess 2009) 68–69.
Gerd Hardach“Defining Separate Spheres: German Rule and Colonial Law in Micronesia,” in European Impact and Pacific Influence: British and German Colonial Policy in the Pacific Islands and the Indigenous Responseed. H. J. Hiery and J. M. MacKenzie (London: ib Taurus 1997) 231–32.
Lucy Thackray“Death Toll in Fiji Rises to 44 With a 10-Month-Old Baby Among Those Presumed Dead After Catastrophic Cyclone Winston Tore Through the Country Wiping Out Whole Village,”Daily Mail Australia25 February 2016 http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3463347/Death-toll-Fiji-rises-44-10-month-old-baby-presumed-dead-catastrophic-Cyclone-Winston-tore-country-wiping-village.html.
Malama MeleiseaMaking of Modern Samoa: Traditional Authority and Colonial Administration in the History of Western Samoa (Fiji: Institute of Pacific Studies of the University of the South Pacific1987) 40.
Albert L. Refiti“How the Tā-Vā Theory of Reality Constructs a Spatial Exposition of Samoan Architecture,”Heretic Papers in Pacific Thoughtalrx01-2013 http://www.academia.edu/3570169/How_the_Ta_-Va_theory_of_reality_constructs_a_spatial_exposition_of_Samoan_architecture.
Lanuola Tufufia and Jason Brown“Lalomanu Residents in Samoa Remember 2009 Tsunami,”Pacific Islands Report. From Samoa Observer 30 September 2013 accessed 14 September 2015 http://www.pidp.org/pireport/2013/October/10-01-05.htm.
Serge Tcherkézoff“A Reconsideration of the Role of Polynesian Women in Early Encounters with Europeans: Supplement to Marshall Sahlins’ Voyage around the Islands of History,” in Oceanic Encounters: Exchange Desire Violenceed. Margaret Jolly et al. (Canberra: Australian National University Press2009) 114.
Tracey Banivanua MarViolence and Colonial Dialogue: The Australia-Pacific Labor Trade (Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press2007); Jennifer M. Y. Carter Painting the Islands Vermillion: Archibald Watson and the Brig Carl (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press 1999).
Daniel Michael Satele“Shigeyuki Kihara: Dark Angel of History,”TautaiJune (2013) accessed 14 September 2015 https://issuu.com/tautaipacificartstrust/docs/tautai_june_2013_web_pdf?workerAddress=ec2-54-227-15-98.compute-1.amazonaws.com 1.