This paper examines Zimbabwean immigrants in northern South Africa and the ways through which they are able to claim, or not, some form of belonging. Drawing on the concept of “political subjectivity”, I trace the changes in the power relations shaping the forms of belonging operating on the commercial farms and the border town of Musina since 2000 and the concomitant shifts in some of the Zimbabweans’ tactics in these spaces. In particular, I look at the political subjectivities of “Zimbabwean farm workers” and “Zimbabwean woman asylum-seekers”. This analysis shows what particular imaginaries have become authoritative for differently situated Zimbabwean immigrants and denizens in this region, enabling particular claims for resources, accommodation, and belonging.
BoltM., 'Camaraderie and its Discontents: Class Consciousness, Ethnicity and Divergent Masculinities among Zimbabwean Migrant Farmworkers in South Africa' (2010) Vol. 36(no. 2) Journal of Southern African Studies: 377-393.
'Introduction: Making Hay with Foreign Farmworkers', in J. Crush(ed), Borderline Farming: Foreign Migrants in South African Commercial Agriculture, (South African Migration Project, Kingston, ON2000a) 1-13.
HarrisB., 'A Foreign Experience: Violence, Crime and Xenophobia during South Africa’s Transition', in Violence and Transition Series, (Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation, Johannesburg2001).
IOM (International Organization for Migration), Migrants’ Needs and Vulnerabilities in the Limpopo Province republic of South Africa: Report on Phase 1 November-December 2008, (IOM Regional Office for Southern Africa, Pretoria2009).
JensenS.BuurL., 'The Nationalist Imperative: South Africanisation, Regional Integration and Mobile Livelihoods', in L. Buur, S. Jensen and F. Stepputat(eds), The Security-Development Nexus, (Nordic African Institute, Uppsala2007) 63-84.
LincolnD.MaririkeC., 'Southward Migrants in the Far North: Zimbabwean Farmworkers in Northern Province', in J. Crush(ed), Borderline Farming: Foreign Migrants in South African Commercial Agriculture, (South African Migration Project, Kingston, ON2000) 40-62.
McGregorJ., 'Introduction: The Making of Zimbabwe’s New Diaspora', in J. McGregor and R. Primorac(eds), Zimbabwe’s New Diaspora: Displacement and the Cultural Politics of Survival, (Berghahn Books, Oxford2010) 1-33.
MuzondidyaJ., 'Makwerekwere: Migration, Citizenship, and Identity among Zimbabweans in South Africa', in J. McGregor and R. Primorac(eds), Zimbabwe’s New Diaspora: Displacement and the Cultural Politics of Survival, (Berghahn Books, Oxford2010) 37-58.
NguyenV.K., 'Antiretroviral Globalism, Biopolitics, and Therapeutic Citizenship', in A. Ong and S. Collier(eds), Global Assemblages: Technology Politics and Ethics as Anthropological Problems, (Blackwell, London2005) 124-144.
PolzerT., 'Regularising Zimbabwean Migration to South Africa', in Migration Policy Brief, (Consortium for Refugees and Migrants in South Africa and University of Witwatersrand’s Forced Migration Studies Programme, Johannesburg2009).
RutherfordB.AddisonL., 'Zimbabwean Farm Workers in northern South Africa: Transnational Strategies of Survival in an Ambivalent Border-Zone' (2007) Vol. 34(no. 114) Review of African Political Economy: 619-635.