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La crise des années 1980 et le maraboutage en Côte d’Ivoire

Quand l’argent bouleverse tout

In: Afrika Focus
Author: Sékou Traoré1
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  • 1 Chaire de recherche sur l’islam contemporain en Afrique de l’Ouest, Université du Québec, Montréal, tsekou136@gmail.com
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Abstract

The growth of marabouts’ divinatory practices in urban centres in Côte d’Ivoire from the 1980s onwards was due to the generational crisis among marabouts and the unemployment of many graduates from universities in the Arab Maghreb. Forced to earn money linked to the difficulties of urban city life, some marabouts replaced the traditional community support with a mandatory fee, so that we witnessed the professionalisation of maraboutage. Professional marabouts mingled with other practitioners of the occult, causing repeated scandals. In response, the Ivorian state took measures to control the activities of “fake” marabouts. This study focuses on the political, economic and religious consequences for the image and the position of marabouts in the postcolony. It is based on the use of press clippings, bibliographic data and oral sources.

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