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  • 1 LLB (Zambia), LLM, JSD (Yale), United Nations Office of Legal Affairs, New York. The views expressed herein are those of the author and do not in any way represent those of the United Nations.

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  • I Harry G. Gailey, "Mozambique's violent and prolonged civil war" (1994, on Microsoft Encarta (1995). 2 Chris Alden and Mark Simpson, "Mozambique: a Delicate Peace", Journal of Modern African Studies, Vol. 31, p. 117 (1993).

  • 3 See Gerhard Erasmus, "The Accord of Nkomati: Context and Content", South African Institute of International Affairs, October 1984. 4 Robert B. Lloyd, Mozam6ique: The Terror of War, the Tensions of Peace, p. 152 ( 1994).

  • 5 See P. Machungo, "Mozambique: Looking in new directions", in New Era, p. 27, (October 1989). 6 See, Chris Alden and Mark Simpson, op. cit. p. 118.

  • 7 The Secretary-General of the United Nations observed in this connection that what Sant'Egidio had done proved that peace-making was not a monopoly of States and statesmen and that what it demonstrated was that there were no set formulae for peace- making. See United Nations and Mozambique 1992-1995, p. 200. 8 See Doc. S/24635 (6 October 1992), ibid, p. 107 9 Ibid.

  • 10 Ibid., pp. 109-111. 11 I The force was to be comprised of 24, 000 army, 4,000 air force and 2,000 navy personnel. Ibid., p. 112-3. 12 Cameron Hume, Ending Mozambique's War, The Role of Mediation and Good Offices, p. 138 (1992).

  • 13 See present author, African Yearbook of International law, vol. 2 (1993).

  • 14 UN Office for Humanitarian Assistance Co-ordination, "Repatriation of Demobilized Soldiers", Mozambique Report (Maputo), p. 25 (June 1993). 15 See Chris Alden, "The UN and the Resolution of Conflict in Mozambique", The Journal of Modern African Studies, Vol. 33, p. 119 ( 1995). 16 The final figures for the demobilised troops were 57,540 government and 20,538 RENAMO troops. See "Final Report of the Secretary-General on ONUMOZ", UN doc. S/1994/1449, 23 December 1994, United Nations and Mozambique, op. cit., p. 296.

  • 17 It was reported, for example, that some 150,000 refugees left Malawi soon after the accord was signed. See Chris Alden, "The UN and the Resolution of Conflict in Mozambique", op.cit., p. 122, citing UNHCR sources. 18 United Nations and Mozambique, op. cit., p. 48. 19 Ibid. 20 See Letter dated 11 March 1994 from the High Commissioner of Refugees to the Secretary-General of the United Nations on repatriation of refugees to Mozambique, ibid., p. 230. 21 See Report of the Secretary-General to the General Assembly on humanitarian assistance to Mozambique, doc. A/49/387, 16 September 1994; ibid., p. 268.

  • 22 See "Further Report of the Secretary-General on ONUMOZ", doc. S/1994/1002, 26 August 1994., ibid., p. 254. 23 Report of the Secretary-General on ONUMOZ, doc. S/1994/1196, 21 October 1994, ibid., pp. 281-2. 24 Report of the Secretary-General on ONUMOZ, doc. S/1994/1196, 21 October 1994, ibid., p. 282. 25 See Final Report of the Secretary-General on ONUMOZ, doc. S/1994/1449, 23 December 1994, ibid., p. 295. 26 See Report of the Secretary-General, doc. S/1994/1002, 26 August 1994, ibid., p. 254. 27 Report of the Secretary-General on ONUMOZ, doc. S/1994/1449, 23 December 1994, ibid, p. 295.

  • 28 Report of the Secretary-General on ONUMOZ, doc. S/1994/1196, 21 October 1994, ibid., p. 281. 29 Ibid., p. 282 30 Some 35,000 monitors from Mozambique were trained to ensure effective observation of the elections. See Report of the Secretary-General on ONUMOZ, doc. S/1994/1196, 21 October, 1994, ibid, p. 281. 31 Ibid., p. 295. 32 /bid. 33 See "Statement of the President of the Security Council welcoming the installation of the President of Mozambique and the inauguration of the new Assembly", doc. S/PRST/1994/80, 14 December 1995, ibid., p. 292.

  • 34 See Letter dated 26 January 1995 from President Chissano to the Secretary-General of the United Nations on the successful conclusion of ONUMOZ's mandate, ibid., p. 229. 35 Ibid. 36 See Final Report of the Secretary-General on ONUMOZ, ibid, pp. 298-99. 37 Ibid.

  • 38 Ibid., pp. 229-300.

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