Drinking from a Golden Cup, Eating from a Silver Dish. Metalwork in Islamic Iranian Sources (11th–12th century)

in Annali Sezione Orientale
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

Very few precious metalwork reached our age, against a large number of base metal objects. Historical sources related to the Eastern Iranian lands and dating to the 11th–12th century describe medieval Islamic courts as glittering with gold and silverware, on a continuity with the ancient Iranian culture strong enough to defy even religious bans. In particular, a high rank metalwork production is attested in Ghazni, during the period the city enjoyed the role of capital of the Eastern Iranian world.

Sections

References

BayhaqīAbū’l-Faḍl, Ḫ. Rahbar (ed), Tārīḫ-i Bayhaqī, (Tehran 1373/1994) [trans. Bosworth 2011a].

GardīzīAbū Saʿīd, ʿA.Ḥ. Ḥabībī (ed), Zayn al-aḫbār, (Tehran 1363/1984) [trans. Bosworth 2011b].

Nāṣir-iḪusraw, M. Dabīr Siyāqī (ed), Safarnāma, (Tehran 1354/1975) [trans. Thackston 1986].

NīšāpūrīẒahīr al-dīn, A.H. Morton (ed), The Saljūqnāma of Ẓahīr al-Dīn Nīšāpūrī: a critical text making use of the unique manuscript in the Library of the Royal Asiatic Society, (Great Britain 2004) [trans. Luther 2001].

Niẓāmal-Mulk, H. Darke (ed), Siyar al-muluk/Siyasat-nama, (Tehran 1968) [trans. Darke 1960].

Niẓāmī ʿArūḍīAḥmad, Muḥammad Qazvīnī (ed), Čahār Maqāle, (Tehran 1319) [trans. Browne 1921].

al-ʿUṭbīAbū al-Naṣr, 'Taʾrīḫ al-Yamīnī', in Aḥmad b. ʿAlī al-Manīnī (ed), Sarkh al-yamini al-musammà bu’l-Fath al-wahbi ʿalà Taʾrih Abi Nasr al-ʿUtbi liʾ-Manini, (Cairo 1286/1870) 2 vols.

AllanJ.W., Nishapur: Metalwork of the Early Islamic Period, (New York 1982).

AllanJ.W., 'The Survival of Precious and Base Metal Objects from the Medieval Islamic World', in M. Vickers (ed), Pots and Pans: a Colloquium on Precious Metals and Ceramics in the Muslim, Chinese and Graeco-Roman Worlds. Oxford 1985, (Oxford 1986) 57-70 (Studies in Islamic Art 3).

AllegranziV., 'Royal Architecture Portrayed in Bayhaqī’s Tārīḫ-i Masʿūdī and Archaeological Evidence from Ghazni (Afghanistan, 10th–12th c.)' (2014) 74(1–2) Annali dell’Università di Napoli “L’Orientale”: 95-120.

BombaciA., 'Ghaznavidi', in Enciclopedia Universale dell’Arte, (Rome 1958) [Repr. 1971].

BombaciA., 'Summary Report on the Italian Archaeological Mission in Afghanistan. Introduction to the Excavations at Ghazni' (1959) 10(1–2) East and West: 3-22.

BombaciA., 'La Sposa del Cielo', in A Francesco Gabrieli. Studi orientalistici offerti in occasione del sessantesimo compleanno dai suoi colleghi e discepoli, (Roma 1964) 21-34 (Studi Orientali 5).

BosworthC.E., The History of Beyhaqi: the History of Sultan Masʿud of Ghazna, 1030–1041, (Boston 2011a) (revised by M. Ashtiany), 3 vols.

BosworthC.E., 'The Ornament of Histories. A History of the Eastern Islamic Lands AD 650–1041', in The Persian Text of Abu Saʿid ʿAbd al-Hayy Gardizi, (London–New York 2011b).

BrowneE.G., Revised Translation of the Chahar Maqala (“Four Discourses”) by Niẓāmī ʿArūḍī of Samarqand, (London 1921).

DarkeH., The Book of Government or Rules for Kings. The Siyāsat-nāma or Siyar al-mulūk of Niẓām al-Mulk, (New Haven 1960).

JuynbollG.H.A., 'The Attitude Toward Gold and Silver in Early Islam', in M. Vickers (ed), Pots & Pans: a Colloquium on Precious Metals and Ceramics in the Muslim, Chinese and Graeco-Roman Worlds. Oxford 1985, (Oxford 1986) 107-115 (Studies in Islamic Art 3).

KhismatulinA., 'Two Mirror for Princes Fabricated at the Seljuq Court: Nizām al-Mulk’s Siyar al-mulūk and al-Ghazālī’s Nasīhat al-mulūk', in E. Herzig and S. Stewart (eds), The Age of the Seljuqs, (London 2015) 94-130 (The Idea of Iran Vol. 6).

LaviolaV.Metalli islamici dai territori iranici orientali (IX–XIII sec.). La documentazione della Missione Archeologica Italiana in Afghanistan2016PhD dissertation, Università Ca’ Foscari, Venice, 2 vols. (unpublished)

LutherK.A., 'The History of the Seljuq Turks From The Jāmiʿ al-Tawārīkh', in An Ilkhanid Adaptation of the Saljūq-nāma of Ẓahīr al-Dīn Nīšāpūrī, (Richmond 2001).

MarshakB.I., Soghdian Silver. Essays on Oriental Metalwork, (Moscow 1971).

Melikian-ChirvaniA.S., 'The White Bronzes of Early Islamic Iran' (1974) 9 Metropolitan Museum Journal: 123-151.

Melikian-ChirvaniA.S., 'Essais sur la sociologie de l’art islamique—i: Argenterie et féodalité dans l’Iran médiéval', in C. Adle (ed), Art et société dans le monde iranien, (Paris 1982) 143-175.

Melikian-ChirvaniA.S., 'Silver in Islamic Iran: The Evidence from Literature and Epigraphy', in M. Vickers (ed), Pots & Pans: a Colloquium on Precious Metals and Ceramics in the Muslim, Chinese and Graeco-Roman Worlds. Oxford 1985, (Oxford 1986) 89-106 (Studies in Islamic Art 3).

Melikian-ChirvaniA.S., 'The Iranian Bazm in Early Persian Sources' (1992) 4 Res Orientales: 95-120 [Banquets d’Orient].

PopeA.U.AckermanPh., A Survey of Persian Art From Prehistoric Times to the Present, (London–New York 1938–39).

RabyJ., 'Looking for Silver in Clay', in M. Vickers (ed), Pots & Pans: a Colloquium on Precious Metals and Ceramics in the Muslim, Chinese and Graeco-Roman Worlds. Oxford 1985, (Oxford 1986) 179-203 (Studies in Islamic Art 3).

ReynoldsJ., The Kitab-i Yamini, Historical Memoirs of the Amir Sabaktagin, and the Sultan Mahmud of Ghazna, Early Conquerors of Hindustan, and Founders of the Ghaznavide Dynasty, translated from the Persian version of the contemporary Arabic chronicle of al-Utbi, (London 1858).

RiceD.T., The Illustrations to the ‘World History’ of Rashīd al-Dīn, (Edinburgh 1976).

ScerratoU., Metalli islamici, (Milano 1966).

ScerratoU., 'Oggetti metallici di età islamica in Afghanistan. iv: Su un tipo di amuleto del xii secolo', in Annali dell’Istituto Orientale di Napoli, (Napoli 1972) 287-310 N.S. 22.

SchlumbergerD., 'Le Palais ghaznévide de Lashkari Bazar' (1952) 29(3–4) Syria: 251-270.

ThackstonW.M.Jr., 'Nāṣer-e Khosraw’s Book of Travels', in Safarnāma, (New York 1986).

WardR., Islamic Metalwork, (London 1993).

4

See Juynboll 1986: 109. The most ancient Persian encyclopaedia known so far (mid 12th century) includes a chapter devoted to licit and illicit things, the Kitāb al-halāl waʾl-ḥarām. It deals, among other topics, with the interdiction of gold and silver vessels. The ban involved not only tableware, but also perfume bottles and incense burners (Melikian-Chirvani 1982: 180).

22

See footnote n. 1, and Melikian-Chirvani (1986).

Figures

  • Maḥmūd wearing the robe of honour sent by the caliph al-Qādir biʾllāh. Illustration from a manuscript of the Ǧamaʿ al-Tawārīḫ by Rašīd al-dīn, made in Rashidiyya, near Tabriz, in 1307–1314 (Ms. AR20, fol. 50, Edinburgh University Library; Rice 1976: fig. 50).
    View in gallery
  • Club-bearer Turkish guard, carved on a marble dado panel from Ghazni, first half of the 11th century, Inv. no. KM58.2.X (IsIAO photographic archive; see also http://db.bradypus.net/#/ghazni/finds/1166).
    View in gallery
  • Amulet, decorated with a couple of engraved addorsed elephants, Ghazni: purchase, 0.49×0.49 cm (Scerrato 1972: pl. Ic).
    View in gallery
  • Inkwell, decorated with engraved and nielloed silver plaques, Ghazni: royal palace (11th c.), base Ø 7.5 cm, maximum height 9.9 cm, body height 5.6 cm, Museo Nazionale d’Arte Orientale ‘G. Tucci’, Rome, Inv. no. 8368.
    View in gallery
  • Spoon-fork in gilded silver, engraved and nielloed, Ghazni: purchase, length 18.5 cm, Ø 4.2 cm, Museo Nazionale d’Arte Orientale ‘G. Tucci’, Rome, Inv. no. 8370.
    View in gallery

Information

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 11 11 5
Full Text Views 5 5 5
PDF Downloads 0 0 0
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0