This paper concerns a question of memory relating to an event that took place towards the end of the Indonesian war of Independence (1945-49). The event is the Serangan Oemum 1 Maret 1949, or "General Attack of 1 March, 1949", when Indonesian freedom-fighters launched an all-out attack on Dutch positions in Yogyakarta and drove them from the city. Who was the originator of this plan? The matter became a national controversy since it involved two prominent persons: the late Sultan of Yogya, and former President Soeharto. While Soeharto was in power, his own account of the event became the focus of elaborate annual commemorations; but since his fall, historians have thrown into question his account of his own role in the episode.