Sultān Walad’s Understanding of Sufism: Between Populism and Theosophy

in Asian Journal of Social Science
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Abstract

Sultān Walad’s name is associated with the establishment and organisation of Mawlawism. As such, he is regarded as the Second Pīr/Patron Saint of Mawlawism. After the death of Čelebi Husām al-Dīn, Sultān Walad agreed to succeed to the leadership and in this way established the status of Čelebism in Mawlawism. Sultān Walad, a man of reason, pursued the example of his father without much enthusiasm. He presented his father’s teachings to the people in a didactic manner. Along with his father, he was a devoted disciple of Shams of Tabrīz. Consequently, he could have been as exuberant and vivacious as Shams; however, he chose not to be. Instead, he became a man of reason probing to unite the inner and outer worlds and avoiding extremist mystical ideas. He did not want to talk about delicate mystical matters, passing over these kinds of matters in sentences like, “The pen wrote this far, and then it broke;” “For the wise, a sign is sufficient” and “There are many secrets hidden in this. But it is not allowed to utter them.” This is to be seen in his Maārif and Intihā-nāma, his works contain his sermons and counsels respectively.

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