In 2010, despite the payment of important royalties from oil and gas resources, East Timor continues to be heavily dependent on the United Nations, including Australia, Portugal and other donor countries. Despite its expertise in mass communication, East Timor needs new type of governance to reduce both the impoverishment of the people and youth unemployment. Among other possible options, the implementation of new laws on education and vocational schools are suggestions to develop the country, as well as having new leaders replace the UN staff, together with a new military and police force after drastic reforms. This may reduce youth disillusionment. CNRT, the National Congress for the Reconstruction of East Timor, the party of Prime Minister Xanana Gusmão, and Fretilin currently dominate the political life of the country. Unity and motivation of the majority who cultivate the land may restore the confidence, courage and creativity of the Timorese.