Hibah (Gift inter vivos) by Parent in Favour of Some Children to the Exclusion of the Others under Islamic Law

In: Arab Law Quarterly
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  • 1 Islamic Law Department, Aḥmad Ibrahim Kulliyyah of Laws, International Islamic University Malaysia, Malaysia

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This study examines issues arising from gift giving (hibah) by a parent to one or more of his/her children to the exclusion of the others under Islamic law in general and as applied to Muslims in Malaysia in particular. Does a parent have an absolute right to dispose of property to his/her children by means of hibah without concern for fairness to the other children? Is hibah a valid and acceptable practice in a modern Muslim society? Is the core issue one of an individual’s absolute property rights or is it restrained by the principle of fairness in dealing with properties? This study will attempt to provide a right and acceptable guidance with respect to the disposal of property to children by means of hibah.

  • 12

    Al-Zaylaʿī, supra note 9 at 49; al-ʿImrānī, supra note 6 at 114; ʿAlāʾ al-Dīn Abī al-Ḥasan ʿAlī ibn Sulaymān al-Mardāwī, al-Inṣāf fī Maʿrifat al-Rājiḥ min al-Khilāf ʿalā Madhhab Imām al-Mubajjal Aḥmad Ibn Ḥanbal (Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Turrāth al-ʿArabī, 1376H/1957), vol. 7, pp. 119-120. For a detail discussion see, Hj Ibrahim, ibid., pp. 181-190.

  • 15

    Al-Kāsānī, ibid., pp. 192-193.

  • 17

    See al-Kāsānī, supra note 14 at 193.

  • 22

    Ibn Nujaym, supra note 13 at 490; ʿAlāʾ al-Dīn al-Ḥaskhanī al-Ḥaṣkafī, al-Durr al-Mukhtār printed with Radd al-Mukhtār ʿalā al-Durr al-Mukhtār (Beirut: Dār al-Iḥyāʾ al-Turrāth al-ʿArabī, 1419H/1998), vol. 8, p. 434; Al-Shaykh Niẓam et al., al-Fatāwā al-ʿAlamgīriyyah fī Madhhab al-Imām al-ʿAʿẓam Abī Ḥanifah al-Nuʾmān (Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyyah, 1421H/2000), vol. 4, p. 437.

  • 23

    Al-Baghdādī, supra note 11 at 675.

  • 28

    Al-Baghdādī, supra note 11 at 657; al-Baghdādī, ibid., p. 1617. Qāḍī ʿAbd al-Wahhāb was a 5th century hijrah Mālikī jurist who died in 422H/1032.

  • 33

    Al-Māwardī, supra note 31 at 454.

  • 34

    al-ʿImrānī, supra note 6 at 111.

  • 40

    Al-Maqdisī, Ibid., p. 433; Ibn Mufliḥ, vol. 5, p. 200.

  • 42

    Ibn Mufliḥ, vol. 5, p. 200.

  • 47

    Ibn Qudāmah, supra note 9 at 396; al-Mardāwī, supra note 12 at 139.

  • 48

    Ibn Qudāmah, ibid., p. 396.

  • 52

    Al-Maqdisī, supra note 39 at 432; Ibn Mufliḥ, vol. 5, p. 200.

  • 53

    Al-Zarkashī, supra note 51 at 307.

  • 58

    Al-Zarkashī, supra note 51 at 310.

  • 59

    See Sābiq, supra note 8 at 281-283.

  • 63

    Zaydān, supra note 60 at 152; al-Saʿad, supra note 61 at 181.

  • 67

    Al-Māwardī, supra note 31 at 454; al-ʿImrānī, supra note 6 at 111.

  • 68

    al-ʿImrānī, ibid., p. 111.

  • 69

    Al-Qarāfī, supra note 26 at 412.

  • 70

    Al-ʿAsqalānī, supra note 38 at 255.

  • 71

    Ibn Qudāmah, supra note 9 at 396.

  • 72

    Ibn Rushd, supra note 30 at 140.

  • 77

    Al-ʿAsqalānī, supra note 38 at 256.

  • 78

    Ibn Qudāmah, supra note 9 396.

  • 81

    Al-ʿAsqalānī, supra note 38 at 953.

  • 82

    Ibn Qudāmah, supra note 9 at 396.

  • 87

    Hamzah & Bulan, supra note 86 at 6-7.

  • 9

    7 (2001) 14 jh 165.

  • 9

    9 (2001) 14 jh 171-172.

  • 10

    6 (2001) 14 jh 174-176.

  • 107

    Al-Shirbīnī, supra note 35 at 543.

  • 10

    8 (2005) 20 jh 138.

  • 10

    9 (2005) 20 jh 150.

  • 110

    Al-Kāsānī, supra note 14 at 192-193.

  • 111

    See al-Baghdādī, supra note 11 at 675.

  • 113

    Al-Baghdādī, supra note 11 at 676.

  • 114

    Al-Zarkashī, supra note 51 at 308.

  • 122

    See al-Qurṭubī, supra note 120 at 165-166.

  • 123

    Shalabī, supra note 117 at 373; ʿAlī al-Khafīf, Aḥkām al-Muʿāmalāt al-Sharʿiyyah (n.pp: Dār al-Fikr al-ʿArabī, n.d), p. 39.

  • 125

    Shalabī, supra note 117 at 373; al-ʿAbbadī, ibid., vol. 2, pp. 150-179.

  • 128

    Al-ʿAsqalānī, supra note 38 at 255.

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