Indexation of Mahr (Dower): A Precursor of the Law of Inflation in Iran

In: Arab Law Quarterly
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  • 1 The University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

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One legal issue that has not been clarified properly by Muslim jurists is whether the creditor can claim the rate of inflation from the debtor, especially when the economy is suffering from a high inflation rate. One area where the issue of inflation was taken seriously was the payment of dower (mahr) fixed in Iranian money. Generally speaking, there was no clear ruling in the law allowing women to claim more than the face value of their dower, while the purchasing power of Iranian money had dropped steeply in comparison with the date of marriage. In order to tackle this problem, Parliament passed a very important law in 1997 (reiterated in 2013), that provides for the indexation of dower. This article deals with the indexation of money-dower and the way it is assessed under Iranian law. This law is the foundation of the law of inflation in Iran.

  • 14

    See O. Spies, ‘Mahr’, in The Encyclopedia of Islam, vol. 6, (Brill, Leiden, 1991), 78-80.

  • 15

    J. Schacht, An Introduction to Islamic Law (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1964), 161 and 167.

  • 18

    Schacht, supra note 15, 167.

  • 20

    Spies, supra note 14, 79.

  • 33

    Articles 1087, 1091, 1093 and 1099-1100 of the cc. See also Najafī, supra note 16, 30, 51-54, 64; ʿĀmilī, supra note 16, vol. 5, 347; Kātūzīyān, supra note 21, 149-150.

  • 34

    Pearl and Menski, supra note 13, 179-181; Nasir, supra note 13, 90-91.

  • 35

    Schacht, supra note 15, 163, 167, 178, 191 and 195.

  • 36

    Spies, supra note 14, 79.

  • 50

    Ibid., 29.

  • 66

    The Criminal Procedure Code 1378 (1999) has been replaced by the Criminal Procedure Code 1393 (2014). The Provisions of Article 270 of the 1378 Code have been reflected in Article 471 of the latter Code.

  • 72

    See Opinions 7/8736-29.11.1382 (2004), 7/6053-10.8.1383 (2004) and 7/6084-15.8.1385 (2006) in Mamūʿi-yi Qawānīn wa Muqarrarāt-i Khānawādah, 153-154.

  • 75

    See Najafī, supra note 16, 51-52; ʿĀmilī, supra note 16, vol. 5, 347, 351; Kātūzīyān, supra note 21, 150-151; Ṣafāʾī and Imāmī, supra note 5, 173. 202-203.

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