The Legal Regime of the Kuwait–Saudi Divided Zone: Clash or Integration Between Sovereignty and Cooperation?

In: Arab Law Quarterly
Sharefah A. Almuhana Kuwait International Law School Kuwait City Kuwait

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This article intends to explain the legal regime of the Kuwaiti–Saudi Divided Zone, also called the Neutral Zone, in accordance with the Kuwait–Saudi Arabia Agreement to Partition the Neutral Zone signed in 1965, the Treaty Between Kuwait and Saudi Arabia Concerning the Submerged Area Adjacent to the Divided Zone signed in 2000, the Treaty Supplements to the Agreement to Partition and Treaty Concerning the Submerged Area signed in 2019, and the 2019 Memo of Understanding. Additionally, this article addresses the concerns raised by many Kuwaiti scholars, writers, and policymakers regarding the legitimacy and constitutionality of the divided zone system. Moreover, this article emphasizes the importance of the agreed-upon regime based on the principles of sovereignty and cooperation for advancing the interests of both parties at present and in the future. Finally, this article aims to shed light on some potential issues of conflict.

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