The Caucasian parthenogenetic rock lizards of the L. saxicola complex probably originated by hybridisation of some bisexual species. We verified this hypothesis using a new approach based on comparison of repetitive DNA characters, which produce species-specific patterns (named "taxonprint"). The method relies on restriction endonuclease hydrolysis of genomic DNA, with the following 32P-end labeling and polyacrylamide gel electrophoretic separation of the fragments. The parthenogenetic species L. armeniaca and L. dahli possess specific features both of putative maternal L. mixta (in some taxonprints), and of paternal L. valentini (in other ones), whereas L. portschinskii and L. rudis also could be the paternal species. Parthenoclones L. unisexualis and L. uzzelli have the specific DNA features in several taxonprints of L. raddei or L. nairensis (which cannot be discriminated by taxonprints) which are supposed to be maternal species for L. unisexualis and paternal ones for L. uzzelli. The specific features of L. valentini (or L. portschinskii) are observed in L. unisexualis; L. uzzelli has not been investigated in this respect. Parthenogenetic L. rostombekovi also possesses properties of L. raddei or L. nairensis, but we have not be able to find any features of supposed paternal L. portschinskii in this parthenogenetic species.