A new small golden frog of the genus Pristimantis (Anura: Craugastoridae) from an Andean cloud forest of Colombia

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  • 1 Grupo Herpetológico de Antioquia, Instituto de Biología, Universidad de Antioquia, A.A. 1226, Medellín, Colombia
  • 2 Seccional Oriente, Regionalización, Universidad de Antioquia, km 6 vía Rionegro – La Ceja, Carmen de Viboral, Colombia
  • 3 Programa de Biología, Facultad de Ciencias Básicas, Universidad del Atlántico, Barranquilla, Colombia
  • 4 Department of Biological Sciences, Universidad de los Andes, A.A. 4976, Bogotá, Colombia
  • 5 Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Apartado 0843-03092, Panama City, Republic of Panama

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A new species of Pristimantis is described from an Andean cloud forest at 2650 m in the Cordillera Oriental of Colombia. Pristimantis dorado sp. nov. is similar to and could be closely related to P. acutirostris, but can be readily distinguished from this latter species by the absence of a tympanic annulus, vocal slits, vocal sac and reticulations on concealed surfaces, and by having a metallic gold iris with a brown horizontal streak. The phylogenetic position of the new species is recovered and we provide its advertisement call, which this species manages to emit despite lacking a vocal sac and vocal slits. This discovery reminds us that despite the extensive research on the alpha-taxonomy of Pristimantis in Colombia, fieldwork in high montane forests continues to yield previously unknown species.

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