Body size and age structure of the endangered Clark’s lizard (Darevskia clarkorum) populations from two different altitudes in Turkey

in Amphibia-Reptilia
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

We investigated age structure, body size and longevity in two breeding populations of Darevskia clarkorum inhabiting altitudes ranging from 450 m a.s.l. (Kamilet) to 2250 m a.s.l. (Başyayla) in Turkey by skeletochronology performed on the phalanges. The mean age was found to be 6 years in the Kamilet population and 7 years in the Başyayla population. The maximum life span was 10 years in the lowland population while it was 12 years in the highland population. Age at sexual maturity of both males and females was 1-2 years in the lowland population while it was 2-3 for both sexes in the highland population. Both age and SVL of specimens from the Kamilet population were significantly different between the sexes while age and SVL did not differ significantly between the sexes in Başyayla population. As a conclusion, we observed that the mean age, longevity and age at maturity were increased by altitude while there was a decrease based on the mean SVL in the highland population of D. clarkorum. Our data on body size, longevity and age at sexual maturity may contribute to conservation efforts for this endangered species.

Amphibia-Reptilia

Publication of the Societas Europaea Herpetologica

References

AndreoneF.GuarinoF.M.RandrianirinaJ.E. (2005): Life history traits, age profile, and conservation of the panther chameleon, Furcifer pardalis (Cuvier 1829), at Nosy Be, NW Madagascar. Trop. Zool. 18: 209-225.

ArakelyanM.PetrosayanR.IlgazÇ.KumlutaşY.DurmuşS.H.TayhanY.DanielyanF. (2013): A skeletochronological study of parthenogenetic lizards of genus Darevskia from Turkey. Acta Herpetol. 8 (2): 99-104.

ArribasO.J. (1999): Phylogeny and relationships of the mountain lizards of Europe and Near East (Archaeolacerta Mertens, 1921, Sensu lato) and their relationships among the Eurasian lacertid radiation. Russ. J. Herpetol. 1: 1-22.

Baranİ.AtatürM.K. (1998): Türkiye Herpetofaunası (Kurbağa ve Sürüngenler), 1st Edition. Ministry of Environment Press, Ankara.

BarbaultR.MouY. (1988): Population dynamics of the common wall lizard, Podarcis muralis, in southwestern France. Herpetologica 44: 38-47.

BeebeeT.J.C.GriffithsR.A. (2000): Amphibians and Reptiles. A Natural History of the British Herpetofauna. Harper Collins New Naturalist, London.

BülbülU.KurnazM.EroğluA.İ.KoçH.KutrupB. (2016): Age and growth of the red-belied lizard, Darevskia parvula. Anim. Biol. 66: 81-95.

Cabezas-CartesF.BorettoJ.M.IbargüengoytíaN.R. (2015): Age, growth and life-history parameters of an endemic vulnerable lizard from Patagonia, Argentina. Herpetol. J. 25: 215-224.

CastanetJ.SmirinaE.M. (1990): Introduction to the skeletochronological method in amphibians and reptiles. Ann. Sci. Nat. Zool. 11: 191-196.

CastanetJ.BaezM. (1991): Adaptation and evolution in Gallotia lizards from the Canary Islands: age, growth, maturity and longevity. Amphibia-Reptilia 12: 81-102.

ClarkR.J.ClarkE.D. (1973): Collection of amphibians and reptiles from Turkey. California Acad. Sci. 104: 1-62.

CoxR.M.SkellyS.L.John-AlderH.B. (2003): A comparative test of adaptive hypotheses for sexual size dimorphism in lizards. Evolution 57: 1653-1669.

DarevskyI.S.VedmederjaV. (1977): A new species of rock lizard Lacerta saxicola Eversmann group from northeastern Turkey and adjoining regions of Adjaria. Trudy Zool. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR 74: 50-54.

DarevskyI.S.TuniyevB.S. (1997): A new species from Lacerta saxicola group–Lacerta dryada sp. nov. (Sauria: Lacertidae) and some comments relative to Lacerta clarkorum Darevsky & Vedmederja 1977. Russ. J. Herpetol. 4 (1): 1-7.

DubeyS.SinschU.DehlingM.J.ChevalleyM.ShineR. (2013): Population demography of an endangered lizard, the Blue Mountains Water Skink. BMC Ecol. 13: 4.

FitchH.S. (1981): Sexual size differences in reptiles. Misc. Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kans. 70, 72 pp.

FranzenM. (1991): Beobachtungen zur phytophagen Ernährung von Lacerta rudis und Lacerta clarkorum. Die Eidechse 2: 22-23.

FrazerN.B.GibbonsJ.W.GreeneJ.L. (1991): Growth, survivorship and longevity of painted turtles, Chyremys picta in a southwestern Michigan marsh. Am. Midl. Nat. 125: 245-258.

FuJ.MurphyR.DarevskyI.S. (1997): Toward the phylogeny of caucasian rock lizards: implications from mitochondrial DNA gene sequences (Reptilia: Lacertidae). Zool. J. Linnean. Soc. 121: 463-477.

GermanoD.J. (1992): Longevity and age-size relationships of populations of desert tortoises. Copeia 1992: 367-374.

GuarinoF.M.GiaI.D.SindacoR. (2010): Age and growth of the sand lizards (Lacerta agilis) from a high Alpine population of north-western Italy. Acta Herpetol. 5 (1): 23-29.

GülS.ÖzdemirN.KumlutaşY.IlgazÇ. (2014): Age structure and body size in three populations of Darevskia rudis (Bedriaga, 1886) from different altitudes (Squamata: Sauria: Lacertidae). Herpetozoa 26 (3/4): 151-158.

GülS.ÖzdemirN.KumlutaşY.DurmuşS.H.IlgazÇ. (2015): Age structure and body size variation in populations of Darevskia bithynica (Méhely, 1909) (Reptilia: Lacertidae) from different altitudes in north-western Turkey. Acta Zool. Bulg. 67 (4): 487-491.

IlgazÇ. (2007): The morphology, taxonomy, and distribution of specimens of Darevskia clarkorum (Sauria: Lacertidae: Darevskia) collected from Turkey’s eastern Black Sea region. Turk. J. Zool. 31: 325-336.

In den BoschH.A.J.BoutR.G. (1998): Relationships between maternal size, egg size, clutch size, and hatchling size in European lacertid lizards. J. Herpetol. 32: 410-417.

JamesC.D. (1991): Growth rates and ages at maturity of sympatric scincid lizards (Ctenotus) in central Australia. J. Herpetol. 25: 284-295.

KimJ.K.SongJ.Y.LeeJ.H.ParkD. (2010): Physical characteristics and age structure of Mongolian racerunner (Eremias argus; Larcertidae; Reptilia). J. Ecol. Field Biol. 33: 325-331.

KolarovT.N.VljevicL.K.PolovicL.D.G.KalezicM.L. (2010): The body size, age structure and growth pattern of the endemic Balkan mosor rock lizard (Dinolacerta mosorensis kolombatovich, 1886). Acta Zool. Acad. Sci. Hung. 56: 55-71.

LovichJ.E.GibbonsJ.W. (1992): A review of techniques for quantifying sexual size dimorphism. Growth Develop Aging 56: 269-281.

MurphyR.W.FuJ.MacCullochR.D.DarevskyI.S.KupriyanovaL.A. (2000): A fine line between sex and unisexuality: the phylogenetic constraints on parthenogenesis in lacertid lizards. Zool. J. Linnean. Soc. 130: 527-549.

OlssonM.MadsenT. (2001): Promiscuity in sand lizard (Lacerta agilis) and adder snakes (Vipera berus): causes and consequences. Am. Genet. 92: 190-197.

OrlovaV.F.SmirinaE.M. (1983): Age determination of Lacerta derjugini Nik. in natural populations. Biologicheskie Nauki 9: 53-57.

ÖzdemirN.AltunışıkA.ErgülT.GülS.TosunoğluM.CadedduG.GiacomaC. (2012): Variation in body size and age structure among three Turkish populations of the tree frog Hyla arborea. Amphibia-Reptilia 33: 25-35.

PannerT. (2001): Kurze bemerkungen zur haltung und zucht von clarks felseidechse, Darevskia clarkorum (Darevsky & Vedmederja, 1977). Die Eidechse 12: 65-70.

PiankaE.R.VittL.J. (2003): Lizards. Windows to the Evolution of Diversity. Univ. of California Press, Berkeley.

RoitbergE.S.EplanovaG.V.KotenkoT.I.AmatF.CarreteroM.A.KuranovaV.N.BulakhovaN.A.ZinenkoO.I.YakovlevV.A. (2015): Geographic variation of life-history traits in the sand lizard, Lacerta agilis: testing Darwin’s fecundity-advantage hypothesis. Evol. Ecol. 28: 613-629.

RoitbergE.S.SmirinaE.M. (2006): Age, body size and growth of Lacerta agilis boemica and L. agilis strigata: a comparative study of two closely related lizard species based on skeletochronology. Herpetol. J. 16: 133-148.

RyserJ. (1988): Determination of growth and maturation in the common frog, Rana temporaria, by skeletochronology. J. Zool. Lond. 216: 673-685.

TinkleD.W. (1967): The life and demography of the side blodched lizard, Uta stansburiana. Univ. Mich. Mus. Zool. Mich. Pub. 132, 182 pp.

TinkleD.W.WilburH.M.TilleyS.G. (1970): Evolutionary strategies in lizard reproduction. Evolution 24: 55-74.

TuniyevB.AnanjevaN.AgasyanA.OrlovN.TuniyevS. (2009): Darevskia clarkorum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2009: e.T11117A3251827. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2009.RLTS.T11117A3251827.en. Downloaded on 25 October 2016.

ÜzümN.IlgazÇ.KumlutaşY.GümüşÇ.AvcıA. (2014): The body size, age structure, and growth of Bosc’s fringe-toed lizard, Acanthodactylus boskianus (Daudin, 1802). Turk. J. Zool. 38: 383-388.

ÜzümN.AvcıA.KumlutaşY.BeşerN.IlgazÇ. (2015): The first record of age structure and body size of the Suphan Racerunner, Eremias suphani Başoğlu & Hellmich, 1968. Turk. J. Zool. 39: 513-518.

WapstraE.SwanR.O’ReillyJ.M. (2001): Geographic variation in age and size at maturity in a small Australian viviparous skink. Copeia 2001: 646-655.

Figures

  • (A) Age distributions for male and female Darevskia clarkorum from Başyayla (highland) and Kamilet (lowland) populations. (B) The von Bertalanffy growth curves for Başyayla (highland: open circle, grey line for males and solid circle, solid line for females) and Kamilet (lowland: open circle, solid line for males and solid circle, grey line for females) populations of D. clarkorum. The solid square shows SVL mean (27.6 mm) of the lizards at hatching as reported by In den Bosch and Bout (1998). Growth parameters are given in the text.

    View in gallery

Information

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 8 8 5
Full Text Views 4 4 4
PDF Downloads 2 2 2
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0