A new population and subspecies of the critically endangered Anatolian meadow viper Vipera anatolica Eiselt and Baran, 1970 in eastern Antalya province

in Amphibia-Reptilia
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

We report on a new population of Vipera anatolica from the Geyik Mountain Range in eastern Antalya Province, Turkey. It represents only the second known location, and is situated in a valley about 200 km east from the terra typica at Kohu Dağ in western Antalya Province. We compare both populations and, based on marked differences in morphology, habitat, genetics, and its geographically isolated location, we describe the recently discovered population as a new subspecies. Aspects of ecology, threats, and conservation needs are discussed.

A new population and subspecies of the critically endangered Anatolian meadow viper Vipera anatolica Eiselt and Baran, 1970 in eastern Antalya province

in Amphibia-Reptilia

Sections

References

AhmadzadehF.FlecksM.CarreteroM.A.BöhmeW.IlgazC.EnglerJ.O.HarrisD.J.ÜzümN.RödderD. (2013): Rapid lizard radiation lacking niche conservatism: ecological diversification within a complex landscape. J. Biogeogr. 40 (9): 1807-1818.

BillingH. (1985): Beschreibung eines weiteren Exemplares von Vipera ursinii anatolica Eiselt and Baran, 1970 (Serpentes, Viperidae). Salamandra 21: 95-97.

BrabyM.F.EastwoodR.MurrayN. (2012): The subspecies concept in butterflies: has its application in taxonomy and conservation biology outlived its usefulness? Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 106: 699-716. DOI:10.1111/j.1095-8312.2012.01909.x.

BritoJ.C.SantosX.PleguezuelosJ.M.SilleroN. (2008): Inferring evolutionary scenarios with geostatistics and geographical information systems for the viperid snakes Vipera latastei and V. monticola. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 95: 790-806.

de QueirozK. (2007): Species concepts and species delimitation. Systematic Biology 56: 879-886.

DowlingH.G. (1951): A proposed standard system of counting ventrals in snakes. Br. J. Herpetol. 1: 97-99.

DrummondA.J.NichollsG.K.RodrigoA.G.SolomonW. (2002): Estimating mutation parameters, population history and genealogy simultaneously from temporally spaced sequence data. Genetics 161: 1307-1320.

DrummondA.J.RambautA. (2003): Beast v1.0. Available from http://evolve.zoo.ox.ac.uk/beast/.

EiseltJ.BaranI. (1970): Ergebnisse zoologischer Sammelreisen in der Türkei: Viperidae. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien. 74: 367-369.

FabienA.BonnetX.MaumelatS.BradshawD.SchwanerT. (2004): Diet divergence, jaw size and scale counts in two neighbouring populations of tiger snakes (Notechis scutatus). Amphibia-Reptilia 25: 9-17.

FerchaudA.-L.LyetA.CheylanM.ArnalV.BaronJ.P.MontgelardC.UrsenbacherS. (2011): High genetic differentiation among French populations of the Orsini’s meadow viper (Vipera ursinii ursinii) based on mitochondrial and microsatellite data: implications for conservation management. J. Hered. 102: 67-78.

FerchaudA.-L.UrsenbacherS.LuiselliL.JelićD.HalpernB.MajorA.KotenkoT.Crnobrnja-IsailovicJ.TomovićL.GhiraI.IoannidisY.ArnalV.MontgelardC. (2012): Phylogeography of the Vipera ursinii complex (Viperidae): mitochondrial markers revealed an east-west disjunction in the palearctic region. J. Biogeogr. 39: 1836-1847.

FilippiE.LuiselliL. (2004): Ecology and conservation of the Meadow viper, Vipera ursinii, in three protected mountainous areas in central Italy. Ital. J. Zool. 71: 159-161.

FranzenM.BussmannM.KordgesT.ThiesmeierB. (2008): Die Amphibien und Reptilien der Südwest-Türkei. Laurenti-VerlagBielefeld, Germany.

GansC. (1974): Biomechanics: an Approach to Vertebrate Biology. J.P. LippincottPhiladelphia.

GöçmenB.KumlutaşY.TosunoğluM. (1996): A new subspecies Ablepharus kitaibelii (Bibron and Borry, 1833) budaki n. ssp. (Sauria: Scincidae) from the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. Turk. J. Zool. 20: 397-405.

GöçmenB.VeithM.AkmanB.GodmannO.IgciN.OğuzA.M. (2013): New records of the Turkish Lycian salamanders (Lyciasalamandra, Salamandridae). North-West. J. Zool. 9 (2): 319-328.

GöçmenB.MebertK.İğciN.AkmanB.Zülfü YıldızM.OğuzM.A.AltınÇ. (2014a): New locality records of four rare species of vipers (Ophidia: Viperidae) in Turkey. Zool. Middle East 60 (40): 306-313.

GöçmenB.MulderJ.KarişM.OğuzM. (2014b): The poorly known Anatolian Meadow Viper, Vipera anatolica: New morphological and ecological data. Herpetologica Romanica 8: 1-10.

GöçmenB.MulderJ.KarışM.MebertK. (2015a): New locality records of Vipera ammodytes transcaucasiana Boulenger, 1913 in Turkey. South-west. J. Hortic Biol. Environ. 6 (2): 91-98.

GöçmenB.MebertK.KarışM. (2015b): New distributional data on Vipera (berus) barani from Western and Northeastern Anatolia. Herp. Notes 8: 609-615.

GvozdikV.JandzikD.CordosB.RehakI.KoltikP. (2012): A mitochondrial DNA phylogeny of the endangered vipers of the Vipera ursinii complex. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 62: 1019-1024.

HewittG.M. (1996): Some genetic consequences of ice ages, and their role in divergence and speciation. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 58: 247-276.

KumarS.StecherG.TamuraK. (2016): MEGA7: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis version 7.0 for bigger datasets. Mol. Biol. Evol. 33: 1870-1874.

LuiselliL. (2004): Meadow viper, Vipera ursinii, in Italy: aspects of conservation ecology (Reptilia, Viperidae). Ital. J. Zool. 71: 167-172.

Martínez-FreiríaF.SantosX.PleguezuelosJ.M.LizanaM.BritoJ.C. (2009): Geographical patterns of morphological variation and environmental correlates in contact zones: a multi-scale approach using two Mediterranean vipers. J. Zool. Syst. Evol. Res. 47: 357-367. DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0469.2008.00506.x.

Martínez-FreiríaF.BritoJ.C. (2013): Integrating classical and spatial multivariate analyses for assessing morphological variability in the endemic Iberian viper Vipera seoanei. J. Zool. Syst. Evol. Res. 51 (2): 122-131. DOI:10.1111/jzs.12015.

MayrE.AshlockP.D. (1991): Principles of Systematic Zoology2nd Edition. McGraw-HillNew York.

MebertK.GöçmenB.İğciN.OğuzM.A.KarişM.UrsenbacherS. (2015): New records and search for contact zones among parapatric vipers in the genus Vipera (barani, kaznakovi, darevskii, eriwanensis), Montivipera (wagneri, raddei), and Macrovipera (lebetina) in northeastern Anatolia. The Herpetol. Bull. 133: 13-22.

MebertK.GöçmenB.KarişM.İğciN.UrsenbacherS. (2016): The valley of four viper species and a highland of dwarfs: fieldwork on threatened vipers in northeastern Turkey. IRCF (International Reptile Conservation Foundation) Reptiles and Amphibians 23 (1): 1-9.

MilankovitchM. (1941): Canon of Insolation and the Ice-Age Problem. Royal Serbian Academy Special Publication No. 132 translated from German by Israel Program for Scientific Translations Jerusalem 1969.

MizseiE.ÜvegesB.VágiB.SzabolcsM.LengyelS.PflieglerW.P.NagyZ.T.TóthJ.P. (2016): Species distribution modelling leads to the discovery of new populations of one of the least known European snakes, Vipera ursinii graeca, in Albania. Amphibia-Reptilia 37 (1): 55-68.

MizseiE.JablonskiD.RoussosS.A.DimakiM.IonannidisY.NilsonG.NagyZ.T. (2017): Nuclear markers support the mitochondrial phylogeny of Vipera ursinii-renardi complex (Squamata: Viperidae) and species status for the Greek meadow viper. Zootaxa 4227 (1): 75-88. DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.4227.1.4.

NilsonG.AndrénC. (2001): The meadow and steppe vipers of Europe and Asia – the Vipera (Acridophaga) ursinii complex. Acta Zool. Acad. Sci. Hung. 47 (2-3): 87-267.

NilsonG.AndrénC.FlärdhB. (1988): Die Vipern der Türkei. Salamandra 24 (4): 215-247.

PaillardD. (2001): Glacial cycles: toward a new paradigm. Rev. Geophys. 39: 325-346.

PoissonA.Orszag-SperberF.KosunE.BassettiM.-A.MüllerC. (2011): The Late Cenozoic evolution of the Aksu basin (Isparta Angle; SW Turkey). New insights. Bull. Soc. Géol. Fr. 182: 133-148. DOI:10.2113/gssgfbull.182.2.133.

R Core Team (2016): R: a Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical ComputingVienna, Austria. Available at https://www.R-project.org/.

Saint GironsH. (1978): Morphologie externe compareé et systematique des Vipères d’Europe (Reptilia, Viperidae). Rev. Suisse Zool. 85: 565-595.

Saint GironsH. (1980): Biogéographie et évolution des vipéres européennes. C. R. Soc. Biogeogr. 496: 146-172.

SchmidtlerJ.F. (1997): Die Ablepharus kitaibelii – Gruppe in Südanatolien und benachbarten Gebieten (Squamata: Sauria: Scincidae). Herpetozoa 10 (1/2): 35-62.

ShineR. (2002): Do dietary habits predict scale counts in snakes? J. Herp. 36: 268-272.

SiggH. (1987): Nachforschungen über Vipera ursinii anatolica Eiselt and Baran, 1970 im westlichen Taurus. Herpetofauna 9: 25-34.

SindacoR.JeremčenkoV.K. (2008): The Reptiles of the Western Palearctic. 1. Annotated Checklist and Distributional Atlas of the Turtles Crocodiles Amphisbaenians and Lizards of Europe North Africa Middle East and Central Asia. Edizioni BelvedereLatina (Italy).

SkourtaniotiE.KapliP.IlgazÇ.KumlutaşY.AvcıA.AhmadzadehF.IsailovićJ.C.GherghelI.LymberakisP.PoulakakisN. (2016): A reinvestigation of phylogeny and divergence times of the Ablepharus kitaibelii species complex (Sauria, Scincidae) based on mtDNA and nuDNA genes. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 103: 199-214. DOI:10.1016/j.ympev.2016.07.005.

StümpelN.ZinenkoO.JestrzemskiD. (2015): Aktuelles zur Schlangenforschung im östlichen Mittelmeerraum: Vipera anatolica und Macrovipera lebetina lebetina – zwei bedrohte Endemiten. Ophidia 9 (2): 2-18.

StümpelN.RajabizadehM.AvcıA.WüsterW.JogerU. (2016): Phylogeny and diversification of mountain vipers (Montivipera, Nilson et al., 2001) triggered by multiple Plio-Pleistocene refugia and high-mountain topography in the Near and Middle East. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 101: 336-351. DOI:10.1016/j.ympev.2016.04.025.

TokV.UgurtasI.SevinçM.BöhmeW.CrochetP.-A.JogerU.KaskaY.KumlutaşY.KayaU.AvciA.ÜzümN.YeniyurtC.AkarsuF. (2009): Vipera anatolica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2009: e.T164768A5924622. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2009.RLTS.T164768A5924622.en. Downloaded on 04 February 2017.

UrsenbacherS.CarlssonM.HelferV.TegelströmH.FumagalliL. (2006): Phylogeography and Pleistocene refugia of the adder (Vipera berus) as inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Mol. Ecol. 15: 3425-3437.

Van HinsbergenD.J.J.DekkersM.J.KocA. (2010): Testing Miocene remagnetization of Bey Dağları: timing and amount of Neogene rotations in SW Turkey. Turk. J. Earth Sciences 19: 123-156.

WernerY.L. (1971): Some suggestions for the standard expression of measurements. Syst. Zool. 20: 249-252.

ZamfirescuS.StrugariuA.GherghelI.ZamfirescuS. (2011): Human impact on habitats of the meadow viper (Vipera ursinii) in Eastern Romania. Analele Stiinţifice ale Universitaţii “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” [= Annals of the “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University] Iaşi; (Sect. 2a Biologie Animala) 57: 43-56.

ZinenkoO.StümpelN.MazanaevaL.BakievA.ShiryaevK.PavlovA.KotenkoT.KukushkinO.ChikinY.DuisebayevaT.NilsonG.OrlovN.L.TuniyevS.AnanjevaN.B.MurphyR.W.JogerU. (2015): Mitochondrial phylogeny shows multiple independent ecological transitions and northern dispersion despite of Pleistocene glaciations in meadow and steppe vipers (Vipera ursinii and Vipera renardi). Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 84: 85-100.

ZinenkoO.AvcIA.SpitzenbergerF.TupikovA.ShiryaevK.BozkurtE.IlgazC.StümpelN. (2016a): Rediscovered and critically endangered: Vipera anatolica Eiselt and Baran 1970, of the Western Taurus Mountains (Turkey) with remarks on its ecology. Herpetozoa 28 (3/4): 141-148.

ZinenkoO.SovicM.JogerU.GibbsH.L. (2016b): Hybrid origin of European Vipers (Vipera magnifica and Vipera orlovi) from the Caucasus determined using genomic scale DNA markers. BMC Evol. Biol. 16:76. DOI:10.1186/s12862-016-0647-7.

Figures

  • View in gallery

    Geographic areas: (A) red encircled areas display the terra typica of Vipera anatolica at Kohu Dağ, Elmali District, western Antalaya Province, and the Geyik Mountains (= Geyik Dağlari), Gündoğmuş District, eastern Antalya Province. The blue encircled areas represent some, but not all, mountain ranges with alpine meadows and steppe habitats that might constitute relatively recent or historic migration corridors to link the two populations of V. anatolica; (B) closer view of the new site of Vipera anatolica and described subspecies Vipera a. senliki ssp. nov. at Mühür Dağ within the western Geyik Mountain Range, and 12 other sites visited nearby in green-blue, where the viper was not found, but more searches would be required. Inset shows photo of first specimen from Mühür Dağ provided by Murat Şenlik on 19 May 2016, revealing a new population of V. anatolica.

  • View in gallery

    Holotype (Voucher No. ZMADYU 2016/97-2) life Vipera anatolica senliki ssp. nov. A male from Serinyaka Plateau, Mühür Dağ, Gündoğmuş District, eastern Antalya Province, Turkey, collected on 23 May 2016, altitude 1755 m asl., SVL 364 mm, tail length 51 mm, dorsalia rows (anterior-mid-posterior) 21-21-17.

  • View in gallery

    Female and male (more contrasting colour pattern) of (A) Vipera anatolica senliki ssp. nov. from Mühür Dağ, Gündoğmuş District, Antalya; and (B) Vipera a. anatolica from Kohu Dağ, terra typica, Elmali District, Antalya.

  • View in gallery

    Habitat of Vipera anatolica senliki ssp. nov.: (A) the southern slope (Gelesandra Plateau) of Mühür Dağ, Gündoğmuş District, Antalya; (B) Senir Plateau on Mühür Dağ with a mixture of loose rock slides and luscious herbaceous vegetation.

  • View in gallery

    Vipera anatolica senliki ssp. nov. drinking water from a spring, Mühür Dağ, Gündoğmuş District, Antalya.

  • View in gallery

    Vipera anatolica senliki ssp. nov. and the threat of mining visible in the background on Mühür Dağ, Gündoğmuş District, Antalya. Much of the barren surface visible in the image is caused by the erosion through the mining activities.

Index Card

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 11 11 7
Full Text Views 19 19 16
PDF Downloads 5 5 4
EPUB Downloads 2 2 2