A review of the helminths co-introduced with Trachemys scripta elegans – a threat to European native turtle health

in Amphibia-Reptilia
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Abstract

In the 20th century large numbers of exotic turtles Trachemys scripta elegans have been imported into Europe as pets and this has led to frequent introductions into many freshwater ecosystems. Nowadays, established populations of red-eared slider, coexist and compete with the native in Europe species of turtles in the wild. Invasive turtles are a threat to indigenous species because of carriage of many parasites, which are often considered to cause disease emergence and produce high mortality in native hosts. Helminths are the most prominent group introduced with T. s. elegans and due to their host-switching ability have become important co-invaders, a potential threat to indigenous turtle health. The aim of this review was to assess the risks of the transfer of helminths co-introduced with T. s. elegans to native species of European turtles.

A review of the helminths co-introduced with Trachemys scripta elegans – a threat to European native turtle health

in Amphibia-Reptilia

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Figures

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    Genera of helminths reported from Emys orbicularis, Mauremys leprosa and Trachemys scripta elegans in North America, Europe and Asia.

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    Species of helminthes reported from Emys orbicularis, Mauremys leprosa and Trachemys scripta elegans in Europe.

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    (Continued.)

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    Synonyms used in the nomenclature of helminths reported from turtles.

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