This article provides the editio princeps of a previously unknown maqāma attributed to Badīʿ al-Zamān al-Hamad̠ānī (d. 398/1008). It begins with a review of the scholarship on the manuscripts of Hamad̠ānī’s Maqāmāt and discusses how the text of this lost maqāma was uniquely preserved in one manuscript, Yale University, Beinecke Library, Salisbury collection no. 63. This manuscript, copied in 603/1206, was well-known to European scholarship, having been in the possession of Everard Scheidius (1742-1794), Silvestre de Sacy (1775-1838), and Edward Eldridge Salisbury (1814-1901). The maqāma, preserved therein, describes a fraudulent doctor’s sale of medicinal compounds allegedly composed of rare materia medica. The text of this maqāma, which the editors have entitled al-Maqāma l-Ṭibbiyya, is then provided in facsimile, a critical edition, and a fully-annotated English translation. A detailed analysis of the maqāma follows, in which the form, subject matter, language, and style of this maqāma are discussed in relation to the known corpus of Hamad̠ānī’s other maqāmāt. The article concludes with several hypotheses about the possible authenticity of this lost work.
Hämeen-AnttilaMaqama p. 45. See also James T. Monroe The Art of Badīʿ al-Zamān al-Hamadhānī as Picaresque Narrative p. 20-4 and Abdelfattah Kilito “Le Genre ‘Séance’: une introduction” Studia Islamica 43 (1976) p. 25-51.
Hämeen-AnttilaMaqama p. 52. For a detailed study of Hamad̠ānī’s distinctive use of saǧʿ see Maḥmūd al-Masʿadī al-Īqāʿ fī-l-adab al-ʿarabī Tunis Muʾassasat ʿAbd al-Karīm b. ʿAbd Allāh li-l-našr wa-l-tawzīʿ 1986; Geert Jan van Gelder “Rhyme in Maqāmāt or Too Many Exceptions Do Not Prove a Rule” Journal of Semitic Studies 44 (1999) p. 75-82; Tamás Iványi “On Rhyming Endings and Symmetric Phrases in al-Hamadhani’s Maqamat” in J.R. Smart (ed.) Tradition and Modernity in Arabic Language and Literature Richmond Surrey Curzon 1996 p. 210-28.
Hämeen-AnttilaMaqama p. 15-33; Everett Rowson “Religion and Politics in the Career of Badīʿ al-Zamān al-Hamadhānī” Journal of the American Oriental Society 107 (1987) p. 653-73; Wadād al-Qāḍī “Badīʿ al-Zamān al-Hamadhānī and His Social and Political Vision” in M. Mir (ed.) Literary Heritage of Classical Islam: Arabic and Islamic Studies in Honor of James A. Bellamy Princeton Darwin Press 1993 p. 197-223.