Ibn Barraǧān and Ibn ʿArabī on the Prediction of the Capture of Jerusalem in 583/1187 by Saladin

in Arabica

Abstract

During the celebration of the capture of Aleppo by Saladin on ṣafar 18th, 579/June 11th, 1183, the qāḍī Muḥyī l-Dīn b. Zakī l-Dīn al-Dimašqī recited a poem in which he ventured the possibility of conquering Jerusalem in the month of raǧab, as this was the case four years later in 583/1187. Muḥyī l-Dīn b. al-Zakī was asked about the source of his prediction and he answered that he found it in Ibn Barraǧān’s Commentary of the Koran in the beginning of sura al-Rūm (Kor 30, 1-4), where the predicted year of the capture was also right. Even though the prediction became well-known, there is no account of the particular way it was obtained, except for the text in Ibn Barraǧān’s Koranic commentary. Instead, we only have later authors stating that Ibn Barraǧān based his analysis upon astrology. Some time later, in his al-Futūḥāt al-makkiyya, Ibn ʿArabī considered twice Ibn Barraǧān’s prediction and drew the same result by applying the science of letters to the same Koranic verses. However, Ibn ʿArabī pointed out that Ibn Barraǧān had committed an error and that his prediction was right by chance. This paper is devoted to the study of Ibn Barraǧān and Ibn ʿArabī’s methods applied to draw the prediction of the Muslim capture of Jerusalem in 583/1187. It supplies the translations of Ibn Barraǧān’s text in his Commentary of the Koran and those of Ibn ʿArabī in al-Futūḥāt al-Makkiyya.

  • 20

    See N. Oikomidès“A Chronological Note on the First Persian Campaign of Heraclius (622)”Byzantine and Modern Greek StudiesI (1975) p. 1-9 and particularly p. 6-7 and Walter E. Kaegi Heraclius Emperor of Byzantium New York Cambridge University Press 2003 p. 115. In tafsīr literature there are also accounts which regard that the Byzantine victory over the Persians happened at the same time as the Battle of Badr held on ramaḍān 17 2/March 13 624. Cf. al-Ṭabarī Tafsīr Ǧāmiʿ al-bayān ʿan ta⁠ʾwīl āy al-Qurʾān ed. al-Turkī Cairo Dār Hiǧr 2001 XVIII p. 448 and 458. It has also been reported that the Byzantine victory over the Persians was known during the Muslim way back from Ḥudaybiyya. Hence this news may refer to the Battle of Nineveh on raǧab 28 6/December 12 627 although the treaty of Ḥudaybiyya took place on ḏū l-qaʿda 6 6/March 18 628 some three months after the Battle of Nineveh. Cf. al-Ṭabarī Tafsīr XVIII p. 454-455.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 22

    Ibid. p. 668.

  • 24

    For the battle of Tabūk see GilA History of Palestine p. 26-27; al-Wāqidī Maġāzī p. 989-1022; Ibn Hišām Sīra p. 893-906; al-Ṭabarī Ta⁠ʾrīḫ I p. 1692-1705; and Caetani Annali II p. 238-253 and 257 sqq.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 25

    On Yarmūk see GilA History of Palestine p. 45-48; Caetani Annali III p. 549-613; Theophanes Chronographia p. 332 and 338; al-Yaʿqūbī Ta⁠ʾrīḫ ed. M.Th. Houtsma Leiden E.J. Brill 1883 II p. 160; al-Balāḏurī Futūḥ al-buldān ed. M.J. de Goeje Leiden E.J. Brill 1866 p. 135; al-Ṭabarī Ta⁠ʾrīḫ I p. 2347 sqq.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 26

    GilA History of Palestine p. 51-56; Caetani Annali III p. 920-959; al-Ṭabarī Ta⁠ʾrīḫ I p. 2360 2406; al-Balāḏurī Futūḥ p. 139; Theophanes Chronographia p. 339.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 28

    See N. Oikomidès“A Chronological Note on the First Persian Campaign of Heraclius (622)”Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies I (1975) p. 1-9 and particularly 6-7 and Walter E. Kaegi Heraclius Emperor of Byzantium New York Cambridge University Press 2003 p. 115.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 42

    Ibid. p. 167.

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 72 67 5
Full Text Views 244 244 3
PDF Downloads 10 10 0