Psychology and Religion Research Group, Faculty of Divinity, University of Cambridge, West Road, Cambridge CB3 9BS, UK
E-mails: JL468@cam.ac.uk; Luke.Conway@mso.umt.edu;
Psychology Department, University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812, USA
E-mails: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
Items were generated to explore the factorial structure of a construct of fundamentalism worded appropriately for Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Results suggested three underlying dimensions: (a) External versus Internal Authority, (b) Fixed versus Malleable Religion, and (c) Worldly Rejection versus Worldly Affirmation. The three dimensions indicate that religious fundamentalism is a personal orientation that asserts a supra-human locus of moral authority, context unbound truth, and the appreciation of the sacred over the worldly components of experience. The 15-item, 3-dimension solution was evaluated across Mexican (n = 455) and American (n = 449) samples. Fit indexes point out the viability of the new inventory across these two samples henceforward referred to as the Multi-Dimensional Fundamentalism Inventory (MDFI). Additional validity tests supported that the new inventory was negatively correlated with participants’ integrative complexity in a religious domain–specific way.
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