Violation of Buddhist Five Precepts, Money Consciousness, and the Tendency to Pay Bribes among Organizational Employees in Bangkok, Thailand

in Archive for the Psychology of Religion
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

Summary

This study examines the relationships between violation of the Buddhist Five Precepts (Buddhist code of ethics), money consciousness, and the tendency to pay bribes among organizational employees in Bangkok, Thailand. A total of 385 organizational employees in Bangkok participated in the study. Structural equation models were used to test the relationships. The fitted model shows a mediation effect of money consciousness on the relationship between violation of the Buddhist Five Precepts and the tendency to pay bribes. Results indicate that the extent of violation of the Buddhist Five Precepts is associated with money consciousness to predict the tendency to pay bribes. Observing the Buddhist Five Precepts and not allowing money consciousness to influence behaviors may reduce ethical problems.

Archive for the Psychology of Religion

Archiv für Religionspsychologie

Sections

References

AbbinkK., 'Staff rotation as an anti-corruption policy: An experimental study' (2004) 20(4) European Journal of Political Economy: 887-906.

ArgandonaA., 'Corruption and companies: The use of facilitating payments' (2005) 60 Journal of Business Ethics: 251-264.

AriyabuddhiphongsV., 'Money consciousness and the tendency to violate the Five Precepts among Thai Buddhists. [Research]' (2007) 17(1) International Journal for the Psychology of Religion: 37-45.

AriyabuddhiphongsV.JaiwongD., 'Observance of Buddhist Five Precepts, subjective wealth, and happiness among Buddhists in Bangkok, Thailand' (2010) 32 Archive for the Psychology of Religion: 327-344.

BailesR., 'Facilitation payments: Culturally acceptable or unacceptably corrupt?' (2006) 15(3) Business Ethics: A European Review: 293-298.

BanduraA., Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory., (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ 1986).

(2008) Bangkok Post, July Verdicts hammer govt., p. 1.

(2008) Bangkok Post, October Thaksin convicted, p. 1.

Bangkok Post2010August8Thai tobacco officials “took B62m bribes.” Retrieved from http://www.bangkokpost.com/news/local/190021/thai-tobacco-officials-took-b190062m-bribes

BoseG., 'Bureaucratic delays and bribe-taking' (2004) 54(3) Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization: 313-320.

ByrneB. M., Structural equation modeling with LISREL, PRELIS, and SIMPLIS: Basic concepts, application, and programming, (Erlbaum, Mahwah, NJ 1998).

ChangC. S.ChangN. J.FreeseB. T., 'Offering gifts or offering bribes? Code of ethics in South Korea' (2001) 18(1) Journal of Third World Studies: 125-139.

ChiuY. C.SmithK. C.MorlockL.WissowL., 'Gifts, bribes and solicitations: Print media and the social construction of informal payments to doctors in Taiwan' (2007) 64 Social Science and Medicine: 521-530.

ConnellyB. S.OnesD. S., 'The personality of corruption: A national level analysis' (2008) 42(4) Cross-Cultural Research: 353-385.

DiamantopoulosA.SiguawJ. A., Introducing LISREL: A guide for the uninitiated, (Sage, London 2000).

GattiR.PaternostroS.RikgoliniJ., Individual attitudes toward corruption: Do social effects matter?, (World Bank, Washington D.C. 2003) World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3122.

HillP. C.PargamentK. I., 'Advances in the conceptualization and measurement of religion and spirituality: Implication for physical and mental health research' (2003) 58(1) American Psychologist: 64-74.

HolmbeckG. N., 'Toward terminological, conceptual, and statistical clarity in the study of mediators and moderators: Examples from the child-clinical and pediatric psychology literature' (1997) 65(4) Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology: 599-610.

IvanovskiB.MalhiG. S., 'The psychological and neurophysiological concomitants of mindfulness forms of meditation' (2007) 19 Acta Neuropsychiatrica: 76-91.

ParianJoh, Thai customs and auspicious ceremonies, (Amnuaysarn Press. Thai, Bangkok 1992).

Jong-SungY.KhagramS., 'A comparative study of inequality and corruption' (2005) 70(1) American Sociological Review: 136-157.

JoreskogK.SorbomD., LISREL 8: Structural equation modeling with the SIMPLIS command language, (Scientific Software International, Chicago 1993).

KasserT.RyanR. M., 'A dark side of the American dream: Correlates of financial success as a central life aspiration' (1993) 65(2) Journal of Personality and Social Psychology: 410-422.

Khantipalo BhikkhuV., Buddhism explained, (Silkworm Books, Chiangmai, Thailand 1994).

KrejcieR.MorganD., 'Determining sample size for research activities' (1970) 30 Educational and Psychological Measurement: 607-610.

LaversT.The global corruption barometer 2006Global corruption report 20072008Retrieved from http://www.transparency.org/publications/gcr/download_gcr

LewisM., 'Informal payments and the financing of health care in developing and transition countries' (2007) 26(4) Health Affairs: 984-997.

LiS.TriandisH. C.YuY., 'Cultural orientation and corruption' (2006) 16(3) Ethics and Behavior: 199-215.

LindgrenH. C., Great expectations: The psychology of money, (Kaufmann, Los Altos, CA 1980).

MacCallumR. C.WegenerD. T.UchinoB. N.FabrigarL. R., 'The problem of equivalent models in applications of covariance structure analysis' (1993) 114(1) Psychological Bulletin: 183-199.

MillerW. L.GrodelandA. B.KoshechkinaT. Y., '“If you pay, we’ll operate immediately.”' (2000) 26(5) Journal of Medical Ethics: 305-311.

MutebiA. M., 'Explaining the failure of Thailand’s anti-corruption regime' (2008) 39(1) Development and Change: 147-171.

National Statistical OfficeTable 5: Population by religion, age group, sex and area: 20002000Retrieved from http://service.nso.go.th/nso/nso_center/project/search_center/23project-th.htm

National Statistical OfficeTable 1: Average monthly income per household by sources of income, region and area: 20062008aRetrieved from http://service.nso.go.th/nso/nso_center/project/table/files/S-ses/2549

National Statistical OfficeTable 3: Population from registration by age group, Bangkok: 20062008bRetrieved from http://service.nso.go.th/nso_center/project/table/files/1500300/2549

ParkH., 'Determinants of corruption: A cross-national analysis' (2003) 11(2) Multinational Business Review: 29-48.

PhongpaichitP.PiriyarangsanS., Corruption and democracy in Thailand, (Silkworm Books, Chiangmai, Thailand 1994).

QuahJ. S. T., 'Curbing Asian corruption: An impossible dream?' (2006) 105 Current History: 176-179.

SolbergE. C.DienerE.WirtzD.LucasR. E.OishiS., 'Wanting, having, and satisfaction: Examining the role of desire discrepancies in satisfaction with income' (2002) 83(3) Journal of Personality and Social Psychology: 725-734.

SrivastavaA.LockeE. A.BartolK. M., 'Money and subjective well-being: It’s not the money, it’s the motives' (2001) 80(6) Journal of Personality and Social Psychology: 959-971.

TangT. L. P.ChenY.-J., 'Intelligence vs. wisdom: The love of money, Machiavellianism, and unethical behavior across college major and gender' (2008) 82(1) Journal of Business Ethics: 1-26.

TangT. L. P.ChiuR. K., 'Income, money ethic, pay satisfaction, commitment, and unethical behavior: Is the love of money the root of evil for Hong Kong employees?' (2003) 46(1) Journal of Business Ethics: 13-30.

TavitsM.Causes of corruption: Testing competing hypotheses2005Retrieved from http://www.nuffield.ox.ac.uk/Politics/papers/2005/Tavits%20Nuffield%20WP.pdf

Transparency InternationalCorruption Perceptions Index2011aRetrieved from http://www.transparency.org/policy_research/surveys_indices/cpi/2010/results

Transparency InternationalFAQS: Frequently asked questions about corruption2011bRetrieved from http://transparency.org/news_room/faq/corruption_faq

TreismanD., 'What have we learned about the causes of corruption from ten years of cross-national empirical research?' (2007) 10(1) Annual Review of Political Science: 211-244.

WuX., 'Corporate governance and corruption: A cross-country analysis' (2005) 18(2) Governance: An International Journal of Policy, Administration, and Institutions: 151-170.

XinX.RudelT. K., 'The context of political corruption: A cross-national analysis' (2004) 85(2) Social Science Quarterly: 294-309.

ZikmundW. G., Business research methods, (South-Western, Mason, OH 2000).

Figures

  • Model 1 displays the relationships between violation of the Five Precepts and money consciousness, and the tendency to pay a bribe.
    View in gallery
  • Model 2 displays the relationship between violation of the Five Precepts and the tendency to pay a bribe, mediated by money consciousness.
    View in gallery
  • Model 3 displays the relationship between money consciousness and the tendency to pay a bribe, mediated by violation of the Five Precepts.
    View in gallery
  • Model 1 displays parameter estimates, and the relationship between violation of the Five Precepts and money consciousness, and the tendency to pay a bribe.
    View in gallery
  • Model 2 displays parameter estimates, and the relationship between violation of the Five Precepts and the tendency to pay a bribe, mediated by money consciousness. Figures for the mediation effect model are in brackets.
    View in gallery
  • Model 3 displays parameter estimates, and the relationship between money consciousness and the tendency to pay a bribe, mediated by violation of the Five Precepts.
    View in gallery

Information

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 9 9 8
Full Text Views 0 0 0
PDF Downloads 0 0 0
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0