An Exploration of Religious Gender Differences amongst Jewish-American Emerging Adults of Different Socio-Religious Subgroups

in Archive for the Psychology of Religion
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

Summary

This article explores gender differences in the religious experiences of 416 Jewish (Secular, Traditional, and Modern-Orthodox) emerging adults (M Age = 23.16). Prior research has indicated that women are more religious than men cross-culturally. The purpose of this study was to investigate if such gender differences remain applicable to Jewish-American emerging adults given both the changing role of women in society and emerging adults’ prolonged search for identity. Findings reveal that most gender differences in the religious values and experiences of Jewish-American emerging adults are statistically insignificant and when significant, are specific to subgroup. Furthermore, it was found that gender analyses of composite scores do not necessarily accurately report the presence or lack thereof of gender differences in religious development. It is therefore suggested that future research may benefit from the analysis of individual religious items and that efforts be made to explore within-group and between-group differences.

An Exploration of Religious Gender Differences amongst Jewish-American Emerging Adults of Different Socio-Religious Subgroups

in Archive for the Psychology of Religion

Sections

References

  • ArgyleM.Beit-HallahmiB., The social psychology of religion, (Routledge and Kegan Paul, London 1975).

  • ArnettJ., 'Still crazy after all these years: Reckless behavior among young adults aged 23-27' (1991) 12 Personality and Individual Differences: 1305-1313.

  • ArnettJ. J., 'Learning to stand alone: The contemporary American transition to adulthood in cultural and historical context' (1998) 41 Human Development: 295-315.

  • ArnettJ. J., 'Emerging adulthood: A theory of development from the late teens through the twenties' (2000) 55(5) American Psychologist: 469-480.

  • ArnettJ. J.JensenL. A., 'A congregation of one: Individualized religious beliefs among emerging adults' (2002) 17 Journal of Adolescent Research: 451-467.

  • ArnettJ. J., Emerging adulthood: The winding road from the late teens through the twenties, (Oxford University Press, New York 2004).

  • ArnettJ. J., 'The vitality criterion: A new standard of publication for Journal of Adolescent Research' (2005) 20(1) Journal of Adolescent Research: 3-7.

  • ArnettJ. J., 'The case for emerging adulthood in Europe: A response to Brunner' (2006) 9(1) Journal of Youth Studies: 111-123.

  • BarryC. M. N.NelsonL. J., 'The role of religion in the transition to adulthood for young emerging adults' (2005) 34(3) Journal of Youth and Adolescence: 245-255.

  • Barzilai-NahonK.BarziliaG., 'Cultured technology: The Internet and religious fundamentalism' (2005) 21(1) Information Society: 25-40.

  • BelzenJ. A., 'Religion as embodiment: Cultural-psychological concepts and methods in the study of conversion among “Bevindelijken.”' (1999) 38(2) Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion: 236.

  • BensonP. L.RoehlkepartainE. C.RudeS. P., 'Spiritual development in childhood and adolescence: Toward a field of inquiry' (2003) 7 Applied Developmental Science: 204-212.

  • BoyatzisC. J., 'Religious and spiritual development: An introduction' (2003) 44 Review of Religious Research: 213-219.

  • BrooksC.BolzendahlC., 'The transformation of U.S. gender role attitudes: Cohort replacement, social-structural change, and ideological learning' (2004) 33(1) Social Science Research: 106-133.

  • CarrollJ. S.WilloughbyB.BadgerS.NelsonL. J.McNamara BarryC.MadsenS. D., 'So close, yet so far away: The impact of varying marital horizons on emerging adulthood' (2007) 22 Journal of Adolescent Research: 219-247.

  • ChavesM., Congregations in America, (Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA 2004).

  • CreswellJ. W.ClarkV., Designing and conducting mixed methods research, (Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA 2010).

  • DayJ. M., 'Religious development as discursive construction', in C.A.M. Hermans, A. de Jong and J. van der Lans (eds), Social constructionism and theology, (Brill, Leiden, the Netherlands 2002) 63-89.

  • De VausD.McAllisterI., 'Gender differences in religion: A test of the structural location theory' (1987) 52 American Sociological Review: 472-481.

  • EtengoffC., 'Keeping the faith during emerging adulthood: A study of biculturalism amongst Modern-Orthodox Jews' Symposium conducted at the meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association, , Brooklyn, NY.

  • EtengoffC., Poster presentation at the Conference on Human Development, Fordham University, , New York.

  • FelteyK. M.PolomaM. M., 'From sex differences to gender role beliefs: Exploring effects on six dimensions of religiosity' (1991) 25(3-4) Sex Roles: 181-193.

  • FischerM. M. J., 'Culture and cultural analysis' (2006) Vol. 23 Theory Culture & Society: 360-364.

  • GhorpadeJ.LackritzJ. R.SinghG., 'Intrinsic religious orientation among minorities in the United States: A research note' (2006) 16(1) International Journal for the Psychology of Religion: 51-62.

  • GreenbergB., On women and Judaism: A view from tradition, (Jewish Publication Society of America, Philadelphia 1998).

  • KauppA., 'Religiosity and gender identity of female adolescents. Narrative religious identity of young Catholic women', in H. Streib (ed), Religion inside and outside traditional institutions, (Brill, Leiden, the Netherlands 2007) 247-268.

  • KedemP., 'Dimensions of Jewish religiosity', in Z. Sobel and B. Beit-Hallahmi (eds), Tradition innovation conflict: Jewishness and Judaism in contemporary Israel, (State University Press, Albany, NY 1991) 251-272.

  • KingP. E.BoyatzisC. J., 'Editors’ introduction: Exploring adolescent spiritual and religious development: Current and future theoretical and empirical perspectives' (2004) 8(1) Applied Developmental Science: 2-6.

  • KinzbrunnerB. M., 'Jewish medical ethics and end of life care' (2004) 7(4) Journal of Palliative Medicine: 558-573.

  • KoenigL. B.McGueM.IaconoW. G., 'Stability and change in religiousness during emerging adulthood' (2008) 44(2) Developmental Psychology: 532-543.

  • LanzM.TagliabueS., 'Do I really need someone in order to become an adult? Romantic relationships during emerging adulthood in Italy' (2007) 22(5) Journal of Adolescent Research: 531-549.

  • LoewenthalK. M.MacLeodA.CinnirellaM., 'Are women more religious than men? Gender differences in religious activity among different religious groups in the U.K' (2002) 32(1) Personality and Individual Differences: 133-139.

  • McCulloughM. E.EndersC. K.BrionS. L.JainA. R., 'The varieties of religious development in adulthood: A longitudinal investigation of religion and rational choice' (2005) 89(1) Journal of Personality and Social Psychology: 78-89.

  • MilevskyA.LehM., 'Religiosity in emerging adulthood: Familial variables and adjustment' (2008) 15 Journal of Adult Development: 47-53.

  • NisselM., Rigshei Lev-Women and Tefillah: Perspectives laws and customs, (Targum Press, New York 2001).

  • SamD. L.BerryJ. W., 'Acculturation: When individuals and groups of different cultural backgrounds meet' (2010) 5(4) Perspectives on Psychological Science: 472-481.

  • SchlosserL. Z., 'Affirmative Psychotherapy for American Jews' (2006) 43(4) Psychotherapy: Theory Research Practice Training: 424-435.

  • SimpsonD. B.CloudD. S.NewmanJ. L.FuquaD. R., 'Sex and gender differences in religiousness and spirituality' (2008) 36(1) Journal of Psychology and Theology: 42-52.

  • SinclairJ.MilnerD., 'On being Jewish: A qualitative study of identity amongst British Jews in emerging adulthood' (2005) 20(1) Journal of Adolescent Research: 91-117.

  • SmithC.SnellP., Souls in transition: The religious and spiritual lives of emerging adults, (Oxford University Press, New York 2009).

  • SoloveitchikJ. B., Halakhic man, (Jewish Publication Society, Philadelphia 1983).

  • SteinfelsP., 'Beliefs' (1999) New York Times, February: A13 Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/1999/02/06/us/beliefs-216640.html?scp=1&sq=Steinfels%20modern-orthodox&st=cse.

  • StoppaT. M.LefkowitzE. S., 'Longitudinal changes in religiosity among emerging adult college students' (2010) 20(1) Journal of Research on Adolescence: 23-38.

  • StreibH., 'Religion as a question of style: Revising the structural differentiation of religion from the perspective of the analysis of the contemporary pluralistic-religious situation' (2003) 7(1) International Journal of Practical Theology: 1-22.

  • TukeyJ. W., 'Multiple Comparisons: 1948-1983', in H. I. Braun (ed), The collected works of John W. Tukey V, (Wadsworth, Belmont, CA 1994).

  • VygotskyL.ColeM., Mind in society, (Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA 1934/1978).

  • WestC.ZimmermanD., 'Doing Gender' (1987) 1(2) Gender and Society: 125-151.

  • WooleverC.BruceD.WulffK.Smith-WilliamsI., 'The gender ratio in the pews: Consequences for congregational vitality' (2006) 27(1) Journal of Beliefs and Values: Studies in Religion and Education: 25-38.

Figures

Index Card

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 80 80 3
Full Text Views 106 106 0
PDF Downloads 8 8 0
EPUB Downloads 16 16 0