This population study examined the incremental validity of spirituality in predicting burnout among Maltese professional nurses. Cross-sectional and mixed-method design was conducted. Measures in this self-report questionnaire included the Maslach Burnout Inventory, Faith Maturity Scale, Satisfaction with Life Scale, Big Five Inventory and a demographic section, together with a brief qualitative section. Response rate was 78%. All hypotheses were supported. Maltese nurses (N = 121) suffer from high levels of burnout, in particular from low professional accomplishment, high levels of depersonalization, and moderate to high emotional exhaustion. Qualitative data supported these findings and suggested that the physical and moral environment of nurses was conducive to an increase of burnout. Furthermore, multiple regression analysis indicated that spirituality predicted burnout after controlling for personality and well-being. This study suggests that spirituality may be an important potential source of resilience for nurses who risk burnout in their employment.
GaleaM.CiarrocchiJ. W.PiedmontR. L.WicksR. J.Child abuse, personality, and spirituality as predictors of happiness in Maltese college studentsResearch in the Social Scientific Study of Religion200718141154
Hudek-KnezevicJ.Kalebic MaglicaB.KrapicN.Personality, organizational stress, and attitudes toward work as prospective predictors of professional burnout in hospital nursesCroatian Medical Journal2011524538549
MealerM.JonesJ.NewmanJ.McFannK.RothbaumB.MossM.The presence of resilience is associated with a healthier psychological profile in intensive care unit (ICU) nurses: Results of a national surveyInternational Journal of Nursing Studies2012493292299
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YongJ.KimJ.ParkJ.SeoI.JohnS.Effects of a spirituality training program on the spiritual and psychosocial wellbeing of hospital middle manager nurses in KoreaJournal of Continuing Education in Nursing2011426280288