Although research in ecopsychology commonly identifies the value of spiritual experiences in nature for psychological well-being and environmental behaviour, previous research has not compared the outcomes of these experiences in natural and human-built settings. In the present study, the relationship between self-reported mystical experiences in natural and human-built environments for psychological well-being and environmental behaviour was investigated. A sample of 305 participants completed an amended version of Hood’s Mysticism Scale, a measure of psychological well-being, and brief environmental behaviour scale. Correlations indicated that mystical experiences in natural and in human-built environments both significantly predicted psychological well-being, but only mystical experiences in natural settings predicted environmental behaviour. This study suggests that mystical experiences in natural and human-built environments may be related to different outcomes.
BeyerJ.VakochD.A.CastrilliónF.A phenomenology of intimate relating and identification with the whole (and the tale of the woefully misguided aspirations of the common land barnacle)Ecopsychology phenomenology and the environment: The experience of nature2014New YorkSpringer127140
Stewart-BrownS.TennantA.TennantR.PlattS.ParkinsonJ.WeichS.Internal construct validity of the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (wemwbs): A Rasch analysis using data from the Scottish Health Education Population SurveyHealth and Quality of Life Outcomes200971522