Social and Individual Religious Orientations Exist Within Both Intrinsic and Extrinsic Religiosity

in Archive for the Psychology of Religion
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

This research presents the development of a measure of religiosity that includes social intrinsic religiosity as distinct from extrinsic religiosity and from the typical conceptualization of intrinsic religiosity as an individual orientation. Study 1 developed the measure using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis; the results confirmed two intrinsic identity factors (individual and social) and two extrinsic benefit factors (individual and social). Correlations with previously established religiosity measures demonstrate the scales construct validity and that social intrinsic religiosity is independent from extrinsic religiosity. In Study 2, differential responding by Christian and Jewish participants was consistent with these religions’ reputed cultural-theological approaches and confirmed the independence of social intrinsic religiosity. Furthermore, social intrinsic religiosity was positively correlated with prejudice towards value-violating outgroups, as would be expected from an intrinsic religiosity. These results unconfound social and extrinsic religiosity and provide empirical evidence that intrinsic religiosity can be socially as well as individually oriented.

Social and Individual Religious Orientations Exist Within Both Intrinsic and Extrinsic Religiosity

in Archive for the Psychology of Religion

Sections

References

AllportG. Religious context of prejudice Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 1966 5 447 457

AllportG.RossM. J. Personal religious orientation and prejudice Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 1967 5 432 443

AltemeyerB.HunsbergerB. Authoritarianism, religious fundamentalism, quest, and prejudice International Journal for the Psychology of Religion 1992 2 113 133

BatsonC. D. Religion as prosocial: Agent or double-agent? Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 1976 15 29 45

BatsonC. D. DovidioJ.GlickP.RudmanL. Religion and prejudice On the nature of prejudice: Fifty years after Allport 2005 Malden Blackwell Publishing 413 427

BatsonC. D.FlinkC. H.SchoenradeP. A.FultzJ.PychV. Religious orientation and overt versus covert racial prejudice Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 1986 50 175 181

BentlerP. M. On the fit of models to covariances and methodology to the Bulletin Psychological Bulletin 1992 112 400 404

BuhrmesterM. D.KwangT.GoslingS. D. Amazon’s mechanical Turk: A new source of inexpensive, yet high-quality data? Perspective on Psychological Science 2011 6 3 5

BurrisC. T.JacksonL. M. Social identity and the true believer: Responses to marginalization among the intrinsically religious British Journal of Social Psychology 2000 39 257 278

ByrneB. Structural equation modeling with lisrelprelis and simplis: Basic concepts applications and programming 1998 New York Psychology Press

CattellR. B. The screen test for a number of factors Multivariate Behavioral Research 1966 1 245 276

CohenA. B.HallD. E.KoenigH. G.MeadorK. G. Social versus individual motivation: Implications for normative definitions of religious orientation Personality and Social Psychology Review 2005 9 48 61

CohenA.HillP. C. Religion as culture: Religious individualism and collectivism among american Catholics, Jews, and Protestants Journal of Personality 2007 75 709 742

DonahueM. J. Intrinsic and extrinsic religiousness: Review and meta-analysis Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 1985a 48 400 419

DonahueM. Intrinsic and extrinsic religiousness: The empirical research Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 1985b 24 418 423

FischerP.AiA. L.AydinN.FreyD.HaslamS. A. The relationship between religious identity and preferred coping strategies: An examination of the relative importance of interpersonal and intrapersonal coping in Muslim and Christian faiths Review of General Psychology 2010 14 365 381

GeniaV. A psychometric evaluation of the Allport-Ross I/E scales in a religiously heterogeneous sample Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 1993 32 284 290

GorsuchR. L.McPhersonS. E. Intrinsic/extrinsic measurement: I/E-revised and single item scales Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 1989 28 348 354

GrahamJ.HaidtJ. Beyond beliefs: Religions bind individuals into moral communities Personality and Social Psychology Review 2010 14 140 150

GreenfieldE. A.MarksN. F. Religious social identity as an explanatory factor for associations between more frequent formal religious participation and psychological well-being International Journal for the Psychology of Religion 2007 17 245 259

GuttmanL. Some necessary conditions for the common-factor analysis Psychometrika 1954 19 149 161

HerekG. M. Religious orientation and prejudice: A comparison of racial and sexual attitudes Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 1987 13 34 44

HiltyD. M.MorganR. Construct validation for the religious involvement inventory: Replication Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 1985 24 1 118

HoggM. A.AdelmanJ. R.BlaggR. D. Religion in the face of uncertainty: Uncertainty-identity theory of religiousness and religious extremism Personality and Social Psychology Review 2010 14 72 83

HoggM. A.TerryD. J.WhiteK. M. A tale of two theories: A critical comparison of identity theory with social identity theory Social Psychology Quarterly 1995 58 255 269

HuL.BentlerP. M. HoyleR. H. Evaluating model fit Structural equation modelling: Concepts issues and applications 1995 Thousand Oaks, CA Sage 76 99

HuL.BentlerP. M. Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure modelling: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives Structural Equation Modelling: A Multidisciplinary Journal 1999 6 1 55

HunsbergerB.JacksonL. Religion, meaning, and prejudice Journal of Social Issues 2005 61 807 826

HuntR. A.KingM. The intrinsic-extrinsic concept: A review and evaluation Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 1971 10 339 356

KaiserH. A second generation little jiffy Psychometrika 1970 35 401 415

KaiserH. An index of factorial simplicity Psychometrika 1974 39 31 36

KirkpatrickL. A. Fundamentalism, Christian orthodoxy, and intrinsic religious orientation as predictors of discriminatory attitudes Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 1993 32 256 268

KirkpatrickL. S. LynnM. L.MobergD. O. A psychometric analysis of the Allport-Ross and Feagin measures of intrinsic-extrinsic religious orientation Research in the social scientific study of religion 1989 Vol. 1 Greenwich, CT JAI Press 1 31

KirkpatrickL.HoodR. W. Intrinsic-extrinsic religious orientation: The boon or bane of contemporary psychology of religion Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 1990 29 442 462

LaytheB.FinkelD.KirkpatrickL. A. Predicting prejudice from religious fundamentalism and right-wing authoritarianism: A multiple regression approach. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 2001 40 1 10

lisrel (Version 8.8) [Computer program] Lincolnwood, Il Scientific Software International

LuhtanenR.CrockerJ. A collective self-esteem scale: Self-evaluation of one’s social identity Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 1992 18 302 318

McConahayJ. B. DovidioJ. F.GaertnerS. L. Modern racism, ambivelance, and the modern racism scale Prejudice discrimination and racism 1986 New York Academic 91 126

McFarlandS. G. Religious orientations and the targets of discrimination Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 1989 28 324 336

NeyrinckB.LensW.VansteenkisteM.SoenensB. Updating Allport’s and Batson’s framework of religious orientations: A reevaluation from the perspective of self-determination theory and Wulff’s social cognitive model Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 2010 49 3 425 438

PaolacciG.ChandlerJ.IpeirotisP. G. Running experiments on Amazon Mechanical Turk Judgment and Decision Making 2010 5 411 419

PettM. A.LackeyN. R.SullivanJ. J. Making sense of factor analysis: The use of factor analysis for instrument development in health care research 2003 Thousand Oaks, CA Sage Publications

RowattW. C.LaBouffJ.JohnsonM.FroeseP.TsangJ. A. Associations among religiousness, social attitudes, and prejudice in a national random sample of American adults Psychology of Religion and Spirituality 2009 1 14 24

SampsonE. E. Reinterpreting individualism and collectivism. Their religious roots and monologic versus dialogic person-other relationship American Psychologist 2000 55 1425 1432

SedikidesC. Why does religiosity persist? Personality and Social Psychology Review 2010 14 3 6

SellersR. M.RowleyS. A.ChavousT. M.SheltonJ. N.SmithM. A. Multidimensional inventory of Black identity: A preliminary investigation of reliability and constuct validity Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 1997 73 805 815

SilbermanI. Religion as a meaning system: Implications for the new millenium Journal of Social Issues 2005 61 641 663

TabachnickB. G.FidellL. S. Using multivariate statistics (4th ed.) 2001 Boston, MA Allyn and Bacon

TajfelH.TurnerJ. C. AustinW. G.WorchelS. An integrative theory of intergroup conflict The social psychology of intergroup relations 1979 Monterey, CA Brooks/Cole 33 47

ThurstoneL. L. Multiple-factor analysis 1947 Chicago The University of Chicago Press

UllmanJ. B. TabachnickB. G.FidellL. S. Structural equation modeling Using multivariate statistics 2001 Needham Heights, MA Allyn & Bacon 653 771

WestS. G.FinchJ. F.CurranP. J. HoyleR. H. Structural equation models with nonnormal variables Structural equation modelling: Concepts issues and applications 1995 Thousand Oaks, CA Sage 57 75

WorthingtonE. L.WadeN. G.HightT. L.RipleyJ. S.McCulloughM. E.BerryJ. W.O’ConnorL. The religious commitment inventory–10: Development, refinement, and validation of a brief scale for research and counseling Journal of Counseling Psychology 2003 50 84 96

YsseldykR.MathesonK.AnismanH. Religiosity as identity: Toward an understanding of religion from a socal identity persepective Personality and Social Psychology Review 2010 14 60 71

YsseldykR.MathesonK.AnismanH. Religious identity and depressive affect: The role of appraisal-coping processes 2011 Poster session presented at the meeting of Society for Personality and Social Psychology San Antonio tx

Index Card

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 36 36 33
Full Text Views 6 6 6
PDF Downloads 3 3 3
EPUB Downloads 2 2 2