Model of Muslim Religious Spirituality: Impact of Muslim Experiential Religiousness on Religious Orientations and Psychological Adjustment Among Iranian Muslims

in Archive for the Psychology of Religion
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Previous research indicates that spirituality expressed in tradition-specific terms may initiate, invigorate, and integrate Muslim religious commitments, suggesting a 3-I Model of Religious Spirituality. In a test of this model, Islamic seminarians, university students, and office workers in Iran (N = 604) responded to Muslim Experiential Religiousness (MER), Religious Orientation, and mental health scales. The tradition- specific spirituality of MER displayed correlation, moderation, and mediation results with Intrinsic and Extrinsic Personal Religious Orientations that pointed toward initiation, invigoration, and integration effects, respectively. MER also clarified the ambiguous implications of the Extrinsic Social Religious Orientation. These data most generally confirmed the heuristic potential of the 3-I Model.

Model of Muslim Religious Spirituality: Impact of Muslim Experiential Religiousness on Religious Orientations and Psychological Adjustment Among Iranian Muslims

in Archive for the Psychology of Religion



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    Partial correlations among religious and psychological measures controlling for age and gender
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    Muslim Experiential Religiousness (MER) moderation of Religious Orientation (RO) relationships
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    Muslim Experiential Religiousness (MER) moderation of Intrinsic Orientation relationships. Values along the Y-axis range from 1 through 5. Low and High MER were defined by + 1 standard deviation from the mean
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    Muslim Experiential Religiousness (MER) moderation of Extrinsic Personal and Extrinsic Social relationships
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    MER mediation of religious orientation independent variable relationships with other measures
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    Group mean differences in religious and psychological functioning and in correlations of Muslim Experiential Religiousness (MER) with other Measures


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