Targumic Influence on Jewish Bible Translations in Neo-Aramaic

In: Aramaic Studies
Author: Yona Sabar 1
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  • 1 University of Central Los Angeles

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Abstract

Jewish Neo-Aamaic translations of the Bible were orally transmitted from generation to generation by local teachers to disciples. The translations were adjusted for the various dialects (Zakho, Urmia, etc.), and even from one teacher to another according to their memory and knowledge, but certain principles remain more or less prevalent. Thus, the translations are normally quite rigid, reflecting the Hebrew syntax almost word forword. However, insome cases they deviate from this principle for euphemistic and other reasons, often following in the steps of the ancient Aramaic Targums. This may be a direct continuous tradition reflected in the translations of other Jewish languagesas well, but could be also via popular commentaries such as Rashi's.

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