The Rule of Creative Completion: Neofiti’s Use of שכלל

in Aramaic Studies
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The verb שכלל never appears as the sole verb of a creative process in Targum Neofiti—a practice unique to TgNeof among the Palestinian Targums. Rather, the authors exclusively reserve שכלל for the final position of Aramaic verbal doublets and triplets that complete a creative action initiated by a prior Hebrew verb. This article examines each use of שכלל in TgNeof and demonstrates how its consistent usage—designated as the ‘Rule of Creative Completion’ by the author—can inform contested interpretations elsewhere within the text, and notably its presence in the extant text of TgNeof Gen. 1.1, as well as offer further evidence for an established Aramaic scribal style employed during the composition of Palestinian Targums.

The Rule of Creative Completion: Neofiti’s Use of שכלל

in Aramaic Studies




A. Díez MachoThe Palestinian Targum to the Pentateuch Codex Vatican (Neofiti 1) (Jerusalem: Makor Publishing1970) p. 1. Image of the first line of TgNeof is courtesy of the Vatican Library.


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    Fig. 1. The extant text of TgNeof Gen. 1.1 shows the obvious erasure of a ו preceding the verb שכלל.


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