À propos d’un messianisme qui divise: Targum Genèse 49.8–12

in Aramaic Studies
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The Haggadic content of Targum Onqelos Gen. 49.8–12 strays far from the Massoretic text and varies greatly from Targum Neofiti and the Palestinian recensions. This study focuses on the messianic features of these sections (messianism centred on the teaching of the Torah, pacific or belligerent). It also examines the part played by TgOnq 49.8–12 in the history of the redaction of Onqelos. According to the author of this article, this section did not belong to proto-Onqelos, but is the outcome of a late reflection (end of the 2nd century or beginning of the 3rd century ce), which occurred in a Babylonian context, on the events of the Second Jewish war.

À propos d’un messianisme qui divise: Targum Genèse 49.8–12

in Aramaic Studies




S.H. LeveyThe Messiah: An Aramaic Interpretation – The Messianic Exegesis of the Targum (Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College – Jewish Institute of Religion1974) pp. 5–11; B. Grossfeld et M. Aberbach Targum Onqelos on Genesis 49: Translation and Analytical Commentary (Missoula: Scholars Press 1976) pp. 10–27; Grossfeld The Targum Onqelos to Genesis pp. 158–166; M. Pérez Fernández Tradiciones Mesiánicas en el Targum Palestinense. Estudios exegéticos (Valencia-Jerusalén: Institución san Jerónimo 12 1981) pp. 99–146. Voir aussi E. Levine The Aramaic Version of the Bible. Contents and Context (Berlin: de Gruyter 1988) pp. 199–215.


Voir M. Harl (ed.)La Bible d’Alexandrie 1: La Genèse. Traduction et annotation des livres de la Septante (Paris: Éd. du Cerf1986) pp. 308–309; J. Lust «Septuagint and Messianism with Special Emphasis on the Pentateuch» Messianism and Septuagint collected essays by J. Lust K. Hauspie (BETL 178 Leuven: Leuven University Press–Peeters 2004) pp. 144–147.


Cf. Grossfeld et AberbachTargum Onqelos on Genesis 49 pp. 16–18.


Se reporter à B. GrossfeldA Critical Commentary on Targum Neofiti I to Genesis: Including Full Rabbinic Parallels (Hoboken: Ktav Publishing House1988) pp. 219–221; M. McNamara Targum Neofiti 1: Genesis. Translated with Introduction and Notes (AramBib 1A Edinburgh: T & T Clark) 1992.


Le DéautLa nuit pascale pp. 274–275.


Voir SchäferHistoire des Juifs dans l’Antiquité pp. 171–188 (186–188). Le Déaut «Targum» DBS c. 35*: «Une première forme de O(nquelos) a pu gagner la Babylonie avec les maîtres qui fuyaient la Palestine après la seconde révolte.»

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