Event Segmentation and Biological Motion Perception in Watching Dance

in Art & Perception
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We used a combination of behavioral, computational vision and fMRI methods to examine human brain activity while viewing a 386 s video of a solo Bharatanatyam dance. A computational analysis provided us with a Motion Index (MI) quantifying the silhouette motion of the dancer throughout the dance. A behavioral analysis using 30 naïve observers provided us with the time points where observers were most likely to report event boundaries where one movement segment ended and another began. These behavioral and computational data were used to interpret the brain activity of a different set of 11 naïve observers who viewed the dance video while brain activity was measured using fMRI. Results showed that the Motion Index related to brain activity in a single cluster in the right Inferior Temporal Gyrus (ITG) in the vicinity of the Extrastriate Body Area (EBA). Perception of event boundaries in the video was related to the BA44 region of right Inferior Frontal Gyrus as well as extensive clusters of bilateral activity in the Inferior Occipital Gyrus which extended in the right hemisphere towards the posterior Superior Temporal Sulcus (pSTS).

Event Segmentation and Biological Motion Perception in Watching Dance

in Art & Perception

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Figures

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    (A) The z-score transformation of the Motion Index of the dancer for the time course of the entire dance. Each plot point represents the average motion index averaged over 2 s. Note, that the extreme negative z-scores correspond to the dancer at the start and end when the Motion Index was near zero. (B) A histogram of button press frequencies for the 30 participants asked to identify segment boundaries. The bin width is 2 s and the dashed line shows the threshold of 1 standard deviation used as a criterion to define a boundary. Comparison of panels A and B reveals that a fraction of the event boundaries are aligned with peaks or troughs of the Motion Index.

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    The results of the brain imaging experiment. Panel A shows the inferior temporal gyrus brain area that was found to covary with the motion index of the dancer. Panel B shows bilateral brain areas in the inferior occipital gyrus, which were activated at the times of event boundaries. Panel C shows the inferior frontal gyrus brain area that was also activated at the times of event boundaries. R: right, L: left, A: anterior, P: posterior.

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