The Syntax Organization of Shape and Color and the Laws of Coloration in Vision, Art and Biology

in Art & Perception
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In this work we demonstrate that next to figure–ground segregation and perceptual grouping, as proposed by Gestalt psychologists, there is a further and more complex kind of organization related to the way object attributes like shape and color are organized to create a visual object. More particularly, through new logical and phenomenal implications, we explore the complexity of the phenomenal coloration and the syntactic relation between shape and color. Moreover, we extract the main laws ruling their phenomenal logic and organization. Finally, we present new conditions and a new paradigm based on the drawings and paintings made spontaneously by children of different ages in a drawing/painting task. Using this paradigm, it is assumed that the way children organize shape and color in their drawings and paintings is related to the way the visual system perceives their syntactic relation. The results show that, under the conditions studied, shape and color are organized as juxtaposed and in sequential order with the shape becoming hierarchically the core reference for the color. These results suggest a visual syntactic organization as a new kind of object formation process useful for understanding the language of vision and the implications for art and biology.

The Syntax Organization of Shape and Color and the Laws of Coloration in Vision, Art and Biology

in Art & Perception

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References

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Figures

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    Watercolored Matisse’s Woman and green, orange and light blue women under modal, amodal coloration and controls.

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    Responses to the tasks ‘draw a square’ and ‘draw a red’.

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    Shape and color assignment at different visual levels to contours with achromatic and chromatic colors.

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    Results of ‘draw a yellow square’.

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    The illusory boundary contours in perception, drawings, paintings and architecture.

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    Main results of the tasks ‘draw a blue yellow’ and ‘draw a square circle’ given to children of different age.

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    Amodal coloration of woman, rooster and flower.

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    Examples of amodal colorations.

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    Main results of the three tasks: ‘color’, ‘color in a strange way’, and ‘color in an even stranger way’.

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    Different kinds of color organization showing wholeness, part–whole segregation and fragmentation.

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