This essay is a double exemplification: the first is a visual one based on Goodman’s theory of symbols showing that art can exemplify the delimitation of the flatness. I illustrate this claim with five achromatic paintings contrasting the materiality of the canvas with its visual elements. By emphasizing the epistemic nature of arts, this article also suggests a second exemplification: the use of visual elements to question their geometric associations.
GreenbergC. (1960). Modernist Painting in: Voice of America Forum Lectures (Washington, D.C.: 1960); repr. in: Clement Greenberg The Collected Essays and Criticism IV: Modernism with a Vengeance 1957–1969. John O’ Brien (Ed.) p. 85. University of Chicago Press Chicago IL USA 1993.
KandinskyW. (1979). Point and Line to Plane
Dover PublicationsNew York, NU, USA. First published as Punkt und Linie zu Fläche. Bauhaus Bücher Vol. 9. Walter Gropius and Moholy Nagy (Eds). Albert Langen München Germany 1926.