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References

1. Cf. D.L. 10.136 = Epic. 2 U = 7 Arr. f) 8i xapà. Kal (ilj à.7tovia Kara JåV1]CHV evepyeia (3�,enovsat. 2. Strictly speaking, these maxims are attributed to Epicurus or his followers, but nobody I think would argue that a prohibition against poetry was added by a later Epicurean without the master's own authority.

3. Gerhard 1909, p. 104; Maresch 1987, pp. 26-51, esp. 27, 30f., 35 (text), 46-8 (comm.). For these references and for much useful discussion on the nature of Epicurean poetry I am grateful to Dirk Obbink. 4. "Albucius (2)," RE 1 (1892) 1330f. 5. Donatus vita Verg. 68 [Uergilius] audiait a Sirone praecepta Epicuri, cuius doc- trinae socium habuit Varium. Cf. Jerome Chron. ad ol. 140.4 Varius et Tucca Vergiiii contubernales poetae habentur illustres, although not everyone agrees that Tucca was in fact a poet; cf. Naumann 1938. 6. It does not tell against this interpretation that at least some of the extant fragments of this poem (p. 100 Morel) seem to concern Marc Antony: consolation literature often uses the death of a friend or relative (or in this case a Roman leader) as an obvious point of departure for a disquisition on the nature of death and how it should be borne by those left behind. Ungar 1870, p. 78 argues for its being a Lehrgedicht; cf. further Rostagni 1961; RE 8A1 1955, col. 412, s.v. L. Varius (21) Rufus; Gigante 1990, 56ff.

7. Le., Epicurus called after his Attic deme; cf. D.L. 10.1, Suidae vita. 8. Cf. AJP 108 (1987) 315 f. The presence of Vergil and Plotius in the Herculaneum papyri, long conjectured, has been recently confirmed; cf. Gigante and Capasso 1989, with frontpiece plate. For ancient literary testimony, cf. Cronert 1906,125 f. Vergil's patron Maecenas also wrote poetry with an Epicurean flavor; cf. Ferguson 1990, 2263f. Ferguson 2268 also suggests Vergil's friend Octavius Musa, who was in the Naple circle, but we do not know if his poetry was in any way Epicurean. 9. Horace's use of philosophical themes is far too complex to deal with here; in brief, though, we can say that like Philodemos he uses what in a philosophical treatise would be doctrine as poetical topoi. Thus although in one poem he calls himself Epicuri de grege porcum (Ep. 1.4.16), in another epistle he more truthfully says that he is nullius addictus iurare verba magistri (1.1.14). Cf. De Witt 1939, pp. 127-34; Fraenkel 1957, pp. 254-7. Note in partucular Odes 1.31, which ends with distinctly Epicurean and Philodemean echoes in praise of the simple needs of the good life (cf. Nisbet-Hubbard's comm., pp. 348, 355f.), including the compos- ing of poetry (nec cithara carentem). 10. That 10.138 indicates Diogenes was an Epicurean, or at any rate more Epicurean than anything else, is argued by (i.a.) Gigon 1986, p. 137. For an assessment of Diogenes' epigrams, cf. Mejer 1978, pp. 46-50; Gigante 1986. At 1.63, Diogenes mentions that his Pammetros contained poems on famous men "in all meters and rhythms, in epigrams and in lyrics"; cf. Mejer 1978, p. 48 n. 102 for

a list of the meters in the extant poems. Gigante 1986 pp. 39f. argues that the many epigrams on the death of philosophers earn Diogenes "un posto nella let- teratura antica nepi 9avá'tou." 11. After Horace the Epicurean views found in the poets tend to become more literary motifs and borrowings (often from Philodemos), and hence less mean- ingful from our point of view. There is little of value in Disch 1921, who discuss- es Vergil, Horace, Tibullus, Propertius, and Ovid. Cf. the remarks of Courtney 1991, pp. 11-14, on several seemingly Epicurean poems: "Petronius is in no sense propagating Epicurean doctrine, but is quite willing to allow his characters to justify their acts by recourse to a superficial Epicureanism."

12. Cf. KD 29 with scholion · (P'Uatlc&; xai avayxaia5 tiyeixai 6 'E�rtixovpo5 Ta5 &Xyny6vo; aao�.ovaa5, 6);'AO'C6V eni 8n)to\)�' · cpvrnxa5 8i 0161C avayxaia5 8i T0(; ttOLKt�.�O�OO� )l6vov TT]V f)8ovl1V, gh �!tE�aipo\)�6va!; 8�,c6 a7�yr��a, w5 no�mea,il amia. 13. 1983, p. 16 with n. 12, p. 78 n. 58. 14. D.L. 10.26; cf. Sedley 1976.

15. See now Dorandi 1990.

16. Athen. 5.187b = 56 U 6 8e 'E. å1tlxv-r!XÇ eiatj7aye npocpnta5 &-r6goov.. 17. Sider (forthcoming).

18. Cf. White 1978; Saller 1989.

Angeli, A., and Colaizzo, M., 1979: "I Frammenti di Zenone Sidonio", Cronache Ercolanesi 9, pp. 47-133.

Asmis, E., 1984: Epicurus' Scientific Method (Ithaca, N.Y.).

. 1990: "Philodemus' Epicureanism." in Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt, ed. by W. Haase, part 2, vol. 36.4 (Berlin), pp. 2369-2406.

____.1991: "Philodemus' Poetic Theory and On the Good King according to Homer." Classical Antiquity 10, pp. 1-45.

Bignone, E., 1936: L'Aristotele perduto e la formazione filosofica di Epicuro, vol. 1 (Florence).

Boyancé, P., 1947: “Lucrèce et la poésie.” Revue des Etudes Anciennes 49, pp. 88-102.

. 1960: Review of Giancotti 1959, in Revue des Etudes Anciennes 62, pp. 441-45.

Clay, D., 1983: Lucretius and Epicurus. (Ithaca).

Courtney, E., 1991: The Poems of Petronius. (Atlanta).

Crönert, W. 1906: Kolotes und Menedemos (Munich).

De Lacy, P., 1939: "The Epicurean Analysis of Language." American Journal of Philology 60, pp. 86-90.

De Witt, N.W., 1939: "Epicurean doctrine in Horace." Classical Philology 34, pp. 127-34.

Disch, H., 1921: De poetis Aevi Augusti Epicureis. (Bonn).

Dorandi, T., 1990: "Filodemo: gli orientamenti della ricerca attuale." Aufstieg und Niedergang der Römischen Welt 2.36.4, pp. 2328--2368.

Ferguson, J., 1990: "Epicureanism under the Roman Empire." Aufstieg und Niedergang der Romischen Welt 2.364, pp. 2257--2327.

Fraenkel, E., 1957: Horace. (Oxford).

Gerhard, G.A., 1909: Phoinix von Kolophon. (Leipzig and Berlin).

Giancotti, F., 1959: Il Preludio di Lucrezio (Florence).

____. 1960: "La poetica epicurea in Lucrezio, Cicerone ed altri." Ciceroniana 2, pp. 67-95.

Gigante M. and Capasso M., 1989: "Il ritorno di Virgilio a Ercolano." Studi Italieni di Filologia Classica 7, pp. 3-6.

Gigante, M., 1981: Scetticismo e Epicureismo (Naples).

____, 1986: "Biografia e dossografia in Diogene Laerzio." Elenchos 7, pp. 34-44.

____. 1990: Filodemo in Italia (Florence).

Gigon, O., 1986: "Das dritte Buch des Diogenes Laertios." Elenchos 7, pp. 133-82.

Griffin, M., and Barnes, J., edd., 1989: Philosophia Togata. Essays on Philosophy and Roman Society (Oxford).

Kaiser, E., 1964: "Odyssee-Szenen als Topoi." Museum Helveticum 21, pp. 109-136 and 197-224.

Mancini, A., 1976: "Sulle opere polemiche di Colote." Cronache Ercolanesi 6, pp. 61-67.

Maresch, K., 1987: Koelner Papyri (P. Koeln) 6 = Papyrologica Coloniensia 7, pp. 26-51.

Mejer, J., 1978: Diogenes Laertius and his Hellenistic Background. (Wiesbaden).

Naumann, H., 1938: "Suetons Vergil-vita." Rheinisches Museum 87, pp. 364-9.

Nisbet, R.G.M. and M. Hubbard, 1970: A Commentary on Horace's Odes Book 1. (Oxford).

Obbink, D., 1984: "POXY. 213 and Epicurean religious ΘEΩPIA." Atti del XVII Congresso Internazionale di Papirologia (Naples), pp. 607-619.

Puglia, E., 1980: Nuove Letture nei PHerc. 1012 e 1786 (Demetrii Laconis opera incerta)." Cron. Erc. 10, pp. 25-53.

Romeo, C., 1988: Demetrio Lacone, La Poesia [PHerc. 188 e 1014] (Naples).

Ronconi, A., 1963: "Appunti di estetica epicurea." in Miscellanea di Studi Alessandrini in memoria di Augusto Rostagni (Turin), pp. 7-25. Reprinted 1972 as "Poetica e critica epicurea." in Interpretazioni letterarie nei classici (Florence), pp. 64-90.

Rostagni, A., 1961: "Il De Morte di Vario." Virgilio Minore, pp. 391--404.

Saller, R., 1989: "Patronage and friendship in early imperial Rome." In Patronage in Ancient Society, Wallace-Hadrill, A., ed., pp. 49-62. (London).

Sedley, D., 1989: "Philosophical Allegiance in the Greco-Roman World." in Griffin and Barnes 1989, pp. 97-119.

____. 1976: "Epicurus and his professional rivals." In Études sur l'Epicurisme antique, Bollack , J., and Laks, A., edd. , pp. 119--59. (Lille).

Sider, D. (forthcoming). "The Epicurean Philosopher as Hellenistic Poet." In Philodemus and Poetry, Obbink, D., ed.

Ungar, R., 1870: Varii de morte eclogae reliquiae. (Halle).

White, P., 1978: "Amicitia and the profession of poetry in early imperial Rome." Journal of Roman Studies 68, pp. 74-92.

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