Exploring three kinds of the DARE word in Southern Min: Sidelights on the Hierarchical Structure of Functional Categories

in Bulletin of Chinese Linguistics

The paper explores three kinds of the DARE word: kann2 A, kam2 B, and kan2 C. Unlike kan2 C kann2 A1/kam2 B1 can function as modals. But unlike kann2 A2, kam2 B, and kan2 C can be used in positive/negative questions. kann2 A2, as opposed to kam2 B, and kan2 C, can denote supposition on the part of speaker. All the three types of the DARE word can take on rhetorical function which is context-dependent and induced by pragmatic inference. A DARE word alone is underspecified in meaning and its interpretation hinges on the syntactic position it occupies. Hence there is a hierarchical relation between the DARE word and other functional categories in conjunction with mood.

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Exploring three kinds of the DARE word in Southern Min: Sidelights on the Hierarchical Structure of Functional Categories

in Bulletin of Chinese Linguistics

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