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再論粵語“嚟”的語法特點

Grammatical Properties of [lei21] in Cantonese: Revisited

In: Bulletin of Chinese Linguistics
Author: Sze-Wing Tang1,2
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Grammatical properties of the Cantonese particle [lei21], which literally means ‘to come’, are discussed in this paper, focusing on its focus usage (known as lei 1) and its imperative usage (known as lei 2). It is observed that lei 1 co-occurs with a predicate nominal which conveys new information. The function of lei 2 is to mark the degree of the resultant state of a continuous activity expressed by the predicate. It is shown that different kinds of [lei21] are in complementary distribution, each of which plays a unique role in Cantonese grammar.

本文討論了粵語助詞“嚟”的語法特點,尤其是集中討論用於判斷句的“嚟1”和用於祈使句的“嚟2”。“嚟1”跟名詞謂語連用,用來引介表示新信息的名詞謂語。“嚟2”對謂語有一定的要求和限制,作用就是說明謂語要達到持續狀態的結果,並強調持續狀態的程度。本文最後說明粵語的幾個“嚟”在語法上呈現互補現象,各自扮演不同的角色。(This article is in Chinese.)

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