Grammatical Properties of [lei21] in Cantonese: Revisited

In: Bulletin of Chinese Linguistics
鄧思穎 The Chinese University of Hong Kong,

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Grammatical properties of the Cantonese particle [lei21], which literally means ‘to come’, are discussed in this paper, focusing on its focus usage (known as lei 1 ) and its imperative usage (known as lei 2 ). It is observed that lei 1 co-occurs with a predicate nominal which conveys new information. The function of lei 2 is to mark the degree of the resultant state of a continuous activity expressed by the predicate. It is shown that different kinds of [lei21] are in complementary distribution, each of which plays a unique role in Cantonese grammar.

本文討論了粵語助詞“嚟”的語法特點,尤其是集中討論用於判斷句的“嚟1”和用於祈使句的“嚟2”。“嚟1”跟名詞謂語連用,用來引介表示新信息的名詞謂語。“嚟2”對謂語有一定的要求和限制,作用就是說明謂語要達到持續狀態的結果,並強調持續狀態的程度。本文最後說明粵語的幾個“嚟”在語法上呈現互補現象,各自扮演不同的角色。(This article is in Chinese.)

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