Traffic noise correlates with calling time but not spatial distribution in the threatened poison frog Andinobates bombetes

In: Behaviour

Acoustically communicating species have evolved adaptations that allow them to transmit information and overcome signal masking where their habitat is disturbed by anthropogenic noise. To investigate whether calling behaviour or spatial distribution is related to road traffic noise we studied the poison frog Andinobates bombetes in a mid-elevation forest remnant that has been exposed to heavy traffic noise throughout more than four decades. To test whether frogs avoid call during noise episodes generated by passing trucks, we compared background noise levels between calling and non-calling times. To test whether traffic noise is correlated with frogs spatial distribution, we measured frog abundance, ambient noise, and environmental covariates throughout a set of 24 sampling plots between 15 and 300 m from two forest edges, one bordered by the road and another one by an agricultural field. Frogs called more often when traffic noise level was lower. Frogs abundance was only marginally correlated with distance to noisy edges but was predictable from the abundance of bromeliad tanks, an alleged limiting resource for their reproduction. Apparently, to avoid calling during episodes with higher noise level allowed frogs to reduce the detrimental masking effects of anthropogenic noise; if so, it would explain why frog distribution is poorly correlated with distance to the noisy road.

  • AndrewsK.M.GibbonsJ.W.JochimsenD.M. (2008). Ecological effects of roads on amphibians and reptiles: a literature review. — In: Urban herpetology ( MitchellJ.C.BrownR.E.J.BartholomewB., eds). Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Salt Lake City, UT, p.  121-143.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BarrassA.N. (1985). The effects of highway traffic noise on the phonotactic and associated reproductive behavior of selected anurans. — Thesis, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN.

  • BeeM.A.SwansonE.M. (2007). Auditory masking of anuran advertisement calls by road traffic noise. — Anim. Behav. 74: 1765-1776.

  • BernalM.H.LynchJ.D. (2008). Review and analysis of altitudinal distribution of the andean anurans in Colombia. — Zootaxa 1826: 1-25.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bioacoustics Research Program (2011). Raven Pro: interactive sound analysis software (version 1.4) [Computer software]. — The Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY. Available online at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/raven.

  • BothC.GrantT. (2012). Biological invasions and the acoustic niche: the effect of bullfrog calls on the acoustic signals of white-banded tree frogs. — Biol. Lett. 8: 714-716.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BrummH. (2004). The impact of environmental noise on song amplitude in a territorial bird. — J. Anim. Ecol. 73: 434-440.

  • BrummH.SlabbekoornH. (2005). Acoustic communication in noise. — Adv. Stud. Behav. 35: 151-209.

  • BrummH.TodtD. (2002). Noise-dependent song amplitude regulation in a territorial songbird. — Anim. Behav. 63: 891-897.

  • BrummH.ZollingerS.A. (2011). The evolution of the Lombard effect: 100 years of psychoacoustic research. — Behaviour 148: 1173-1198.

  • CaldwellM.S.JohnstonG.R.McDanielJ.G.WarkentinK.M. (2010). Vibrational signaling in the agonistic interactions of red-eyed treefrogs. — Curr. Biol. 20: 1012-1017.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Castro-HerreraF.Vargas-SalinasF. (2008). Anfibios y reptiles en el departamento del Valle del Cauca. — Biota Colombiana 9: 251-277.

  • CunningtonG.M.FahrigL. (2010). Plasticity in the vocalizations of anurans in response to traffic noise. — Acta Oecol. 36: 463-470.

  • CynxJ.LewisR.TavelB.TseH. (1998). Amplitude regulation of vocalizations in noise by a songbird, Taeniopygia guttata. — Anim. Behav. 56: 107-113.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • DimmittM.A.RuibalR. (1980). Environmental correlates of emergence in spadefoot toads (Scaphiopus). — J. Herpetol. 14: 21-29.

  • DonnellyM.A. (1989). Effects of reproductive resource supplementation on space-use patterns in Dendrobates pumilio. — Oecologia 81: 212-218.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • DopplerC.J. (1842). Über das farbige licht der doppelsterne und einiger anderer gestirne des himmels. — Abhandlungen der Königl. Böhm. Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften 1842: 465-482.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FahrigL.PedlarJ.H.PopeS.E.TaylorP.D.WegnerJ.F. (1995). Effect of road traffic in amphibian density. — Biol. Conserv. 73: 177-182.

  • FellersG.M. (1979). Aggression, territoriality, and mating behaviour in North American treefrogs. — Anim. Behav. 27: 107-119.

  • FormanR.T.T.SperlingD.BissonetteJ.A.ClevengerA.P.CutshallC.D.DaleV.H.FahrigL.FranceR.GoldmanC.R.HeanueK.JonesJ.A.SwansonF.J.TurrentineT.WinterT.C. (2003). Road ecology: science and solutions. — Island Press, Washington, DC.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GerhardtH.C. (1987). Evolutionary and neurobiological implications of selective phonotaxis in the green treefrog, Hyla cinerea. — Anim. Behav. 35: 1479-1489.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GerhardtH.C. (1988). Acoustic properties used in call recognition by frogs and toads. — In: The evolution of the amphibian auditory system ( FritzschB.RyanM.J.WilczynskiW.HetheringtonT.E.WalkowiakW., eds). Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, p.  455-483.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GerhardtH.C.BeeM.A. (2007). Recognition and localization of acoustic signals. — In: Hearing and sound communication in amphibians ( NarinsP.M.FengA.S.FayR.R.PopperA.N., eds). Springer, New York, NY, p.  113-146.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GerhardtH.C.KlumpG.M. (1988). Masking of acoustic signal by the chorus background noise in the green treefrog: a limitation for female choice. — Anim. Behav. 36: 1247-1249.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GrafeT.U. (1996). The function of call alternation in the African reed frog (Hyperolius marmoratus): precise call timing prevents auditory masking. — Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 38: 149-158.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GrossK.PasinelliG.KuncH.P. (2010). Behavioral plasticity allows short-term adjustment to a novel environment. — Am. Nat. 176: 456-464.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • HelsT.BuchwaldE. (2001). The effect of road kills on amphibian populations. — Biol. Conserv. 99: 331-340.

  • KaiserK.HammersJ.L. (2009). The effect of anthropogenic noise on male advertisement call rate in the neotropical treefrog, Dendropsophus triangulum. — Behaviour 146: 1053-1069.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KarrakerN.GibbsJ. (2011). Contrasting road effect signals in reproduction of long- versus short-lived amphibians. — Hydrobiologia 664: 213-218.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KightC.R.SwaddleJ.P. (2011). How and why environmental noise impacts animals: an integrative, mechanistic review. — Ecol. Lett. 14: 1052-1106.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LewisE.R.NarinsP.M. (1985). Do frogs communicate with seismic signals. — Science 227: 187-189.

  • LópezP.T.NarinsP.M.LewisE.R.MooreS.W. (1988). Acoustically induced call modification in the white-lipped frog, Leptodactylus albilabris. — Anim. Behav. 36: 1295-1308.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LoveE.K.BeeM.A. (2010). An experimental test of noise-dependent voice amplitude regulation in Cope’s grey treefrog, Hyla chrysoscelis. — Anim. Behav. 80: 509-515.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LynchJ.D.Ruíz-CarranzaP.M.Ardila-RobayoM.C. (1997). Biogeographic patterns of Colombian frogs and toads. — Rev. Acad. Col. Cienc. Exact. Fís. Nat. 21: 237-248.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LyonR.H. (1973). Propagation of environmental noise. — Science 179: 1083-1090.

  • MartenK.QuineD.MarlerP. (1977). Sound-transmission and its significance for animal vocalization. 2. Tropical forest habitats. — Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 2: 291-302.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MazerolleM.J.HuotM.GravelM. (2005). Behavior of amphibians on the road in response to car traffic. — Herpetologica 61: 380-388.

  • MyersC.W.DalyJ.W. (1980). Taxonomy and ecology of Dendrobates bombetes a new Andean poison frog with new skin toxins. — Am. Mus. Novit. 1980: 1-23.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • NemethE.BrummH. (2010). Birds and anthropogenic noise: are urban songs adaptive? — Am. Nat. 176: 465-475.

  • NityanandaV.BeeM.A. (2012). Spatial release from masking in a free-field source identification task by gray treefrogs. — Hearing Res.: 86-97.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ParrisK.M. (2002). More bang for your buck: the effect of caller position, habitat and chorus noise on the efficiency of calling in the spring peeper. — Ecol. Model. 156: 213-224.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ParrisK.M.Velik-LordM.NorthJ.M.A. (2009). Frogs call at a higher pitch in traffic noise. — Ecol. Soc. 14: 25.

  • PennaM.Hamilton-WestC. (2007). Susceptibility of evoked vocal responses to noise exposure in a frog of the temperate austral forest. — Anim. Behav. 74: 45-56.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PennaM.PottstockH.VelasquezN. (2005). Effect of natural and synthetic noise on evoked vocal responses in a frog of the temperate austral forest. — Anim. Behav. 70: 639-651.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • PytteC.L.RuschK.M.FickenM.S. (2003). Regulation of vocal amplitude by the blue-throated hummingbird, Lampornis clemenciae. — Anim. Behav. 66: 703-710.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • RabinA.L.GreeneC.M. (2002). Changes to acoustic communication systems in human-altered environments. — J. Comp. Physiol. 116: 137-141.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SchwartzJ.J.WellsK.D. (1984). Vocal behavior of the neotropical treefrog Hyla phlebodes. — Herpetologica 40: 452-463.

  • SchwartzJ.J.WellsK.D. (1985). Intra- and interspecific vocal behavior of the Neotropical treefrog Hyla microcephala. — Copeia: 27-38.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SlabbekoornH.PeetM. (2003). Birds sing at a higher pitch in urban noise. — Nature 424: 267.

  • Suárez-MayorgaA.M. (1999). Comportamiento reproductivo de Minyobates bombetes (Amphibia: Anura: Dendrobatidae). — Thesis, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá.

  • Suárez-MayorgaA.M. (2004). Rana venenosa del Cauca Dendrobates bombetes. — In: Libro rojo de los anfibios de Colombia. Serie libros de especies amenazadas de Colombia ( Rueda-AlmonacidJ.V.LynchJ.D.AmézquitaA., eds). Instituto de Ciencias Naturales-Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Ministerio del medio ambiente, Bogotá, p.  302-307.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SunJ.W.C.NarinsP.M. (2005). Anthropogenic sounds differentially affect amphibian call rate. — Biol. Conserv. 121: 419-427.

  • Vargas-SalinasF.Delgado-OspinaI.López-ArandaF. (2006). Efecto del corredor vial Buga-Buenaventura en la fauna de vertebrados terrestres de la Reserva Forestal Bosque de Yotoco, Valle del Cauca. — In: Informe implementación de acciones de manejo para la conservación del ecosistema andino y subandino de la cordillera occidental: bosque La Albania y Reserva Forestal bosque de Yotoco, Departamento del Valle del Cauca, Vol. II. Convenio CVC-ASOYOTOCO 086 de 2005, Santiago de Cali, Colombia, p.  1-78.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WarkentinK.M. (2005). How do embryos assess risk? vibrational cues in predator-induced hatching of red-eyed treefrogs. — Anim. Behav. 70: 59-71.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WaserP.M.BrownC.H. (1986). Habitat acoustic and primate communication. — Am. J. Primatol. 10: 135-154.

  • WellsK.D. (2001). The energetics of calling frogs. — In: Anuran communication ( RyanM.J., ed.). Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, p.  45-60.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WileyR.H.RichardsD.G. (1982). Adaptations for acoustic communication in birds: sound transmission and signal detection. — In: Acoustic communication in birds, Vol. 1 ( KroodsmaD.E.MillerE.H.OuelletH., eds). Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, p.  131-181.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • WongS.ParadaH.NarinsP.M. (2009). Heterospecific acoustic interference: effects on calling in the frog Oophaga pumilio in Nicaragua. — Biotropica 41: 74-80.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • ZelickR.D.NarinsP.M. (1982). Analysis of acoustically evoked call suppression behaviour in a neotropical treefrog. — Anim. Behav. 30: 728-733.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 122 81 3
Full Text Views 126 35 0
PDF Downloads 15 9 0