Individual performance in socio-cognitive tasks predicts social behaviour in carrion crows

in Behaviour
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The social intelligence hypothesis links the evolution of exceptional cognitive skills to the requirements of complex social systems. Empirical evidence of a connection between cognitive skills and social behaviour on an individual level is lacking. I investigated how cognitive performance in carrion crows correlates with social behaviour. Social behaviour was observed and crows were tested in four tasks previously published elsewhere: qualitative exchange, quantity preference, inequity aversion, heterospecific recognition. I describe correlations between an individuals’ involvement in affiliative and aggressive encounters and performance during these different cognitive tasks. For example, individuals performing better in the qualitative exchange task received more approaches and affiliative interactions. There was a correlation between birds choosing higher quantities during testing and their propensity to initiate aggressive and affiliative interactions with others. Overall these results show a link between social behaviour and individual performance in cognitive tasks.

Individual performance in socio-cognitive tasks predicts social behaviour in carrion crows

in Behaviour

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Figures

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    Mean frequency of approaches received by the focal individual ± SE per observation. The x-axis displays the number of trials in which the focal individual chose the larger quantity over the smaller one in the quantitative choice experiment. Each point illustrates one focal individual. The mean frequency of approaches received is displayed on the y-axis.

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    Mean frequency of affiliative interactions initiated by the focal individual ± SE in relation to the behavioural response to inequity in reward distribution. The x-axis displays the change in exchange performance in the equity compared to the inequity condition. A negative value means individuals are exchanging more in the equity compared to the inequity condition.

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