Save

Play fighting in Visayan warty pigs (Sus cebifrons): insights on restraint and reciprocity in the maintenance of play

In: Behaviour
Authors:
Sergio M. Pellis Department of Neuroscience, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, AB, Canada T1K 3M4

Search for other papers by Sergio M. Pellis in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
and
Vivien C. Pellis Department of Neuroscience, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, AB, Canada T1K 3M4

Search for other papers by Vivien C. Pellis in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Download Citation Get Permissions

Access options

Get access to the full article by using one of the access options below.

Institutional Login

Log in with Open Athens, Shibboleth, or your institutional credentials

Login via Institution

Purchase

Buy instant access (PDF download and unlimited online access):

$40.00

Restraint is thought to be essential to enable the reciprocity needed for play fighting to remain playful. Descriptions of playing in pigs suggest that they do not exhibit restraint. Analysis of videotaped sequences of play fighting in captive family groups of warty pigs was used to test three hypotheses about restraint and reciprocity. Hypothesis 1 asserts that the lack of restraint arises from neither participant handicapping its actions in favour of its opponent: this was supported. Hypothesis 2 asserts that the winner of a contest will show restraint by not prosecuting further attack: this was not supported. However, the winner did refrain from attacking if the loser signalled submission. Hypothesis 3 asserts that restraint by the winner will allow reciprocal attacks by the loser — this was supported. The dissociation of restraint and reciprocity evident in the pigs offers some new insights into the evolution of play fighting.

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 801 124 8
Full Text Views 292 20 2
PDF Views & Downloads 142 44 5