The Syrian woodpecker (Dendrocopos syriacus) is the most synanthropic species among European woodpeckers and can be considered to be a synurbic species benefiting from human activity and man-made habitats. Because it is closely related to the common great spotted woodpecker (Dendrocopos major), the interactions between the species should be investigated before conducting any study on the Syrian woodpecker. The aim of this study was to assess, analyse and compare both species reactions to the broadcasting of Syrian woodpecker playbacks throughout the year, in urban areas. The study was conducted in three Polish towns. All sites hosted populations of Syrian and great spotted woodpeckers living sympatrically. Both woodpeckers were observed throughout each year of study and responded to playback. The Syrian woodpecker more willingly responded to playbacks. Especially interesting was that the Syrian woodpecker female participated in territorial activity to a greater degree than males (sex-role reversed species). This is the first woodpecker study that shows a stronger territorial activity in females than males and the first reporting woodpecker reactions to playback stimulation throughout the year. The Syrian woodpecker is a rare and threatened species in Europe (protected under the Birds Directive of the European Union (2009/147/EC) and is considered a keystone species for woods and associated biodiversity in urban areas. Therefore, application of efficient methods for precise recognition of Syrian woodpecker territories (not only breeding ones) on the basis of correct interpretation of its behaviour is crucial for its conservation and urban habitat management.
Przypadki lęgów mieszanych oraz problematyka identyfikacji mieszańców międzygatunkowych dzięcioła białoszyjego Dendrocopos syriacus i dzięcioła dużego Dendrocopos major w Polsce. [The cases of mixed broods and identification of Syrian Woodpecker Dendrocopos syriacus and Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major hybrids in Poland]. —
Chrońmy Przyr. Ojcz.67:
254-260. (In Polish with English summary).
Habitat characteristics of the Syrian Woodpecker Dendrocopos syriacus in the city of Radom, Poland — preliminary results. — In:
Urban fauna. animal, man, and the city — interactions and relationships (
IndykiewiczP.BöhnerJ., eds). University of Science and Technology, Bydgoszcz, p.
Rozmieszczenie i liczebność dzięcioła białoszyjego Dendrocopos syriacus w Krakowie. [Distribution and abundance of the Syrian Woodpecker Dendrocopos syriacus in Kraków]. —
237-246. (In Polish with English abstract).
Synurbization — adaptation of animal wildlife to urban development. — In:
Proceedings of the 4th International Wildlife Symposium on Urban Wildlife Conservation (
ShawW.W.HarrisK.L.van DruffL., eds). University of Arizona, Tuscon, AZ, p.
Przydatność metody kartograficznej z użyciem stymulacji głosowej do oceny liczebności dzięcioła białoszyjego Dendrocopos syriacus. [The usefulness of the mapping method with playback in estimation of the numbers of the Syrian Woodpecker Dendrocopos syriacus]. —
175-184. (In Polish with English abstract).
Dzięcioł białoszyi Dendrocopos syriacus w Zlewni Górnej Huczwy w latach 2004–2006. [Syrian Woodpecker Dendrocopos syriacus in the Upper Huczwa River watershed in 2004–2006]. —
Chrońmy Przyr. Ojcz.67:
426-432. (In Polish with English summary).
Habitat preferences of Picidae woodpeckers in the agricultural landscape of SE Poland: is the Syrian Woodpecker Dendrocopos syriacus colonizing a vacant ecological niche? —
North-west. J. Zool.12:
Coexistence of Syrian Woodpecker Dendrocopos syriacus and Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major in nonforest tree stands of the agricultural landscape in SE Poland. —
Turk. J. Zool.40:
Przydatność różnych metod do monitoringu liczebności dzięcioła białoszyjego Dendrocopos syriacus. [The usefulness of various methods of monitoring the population size of the Syrian Woodpecker Dendrocopos syriacus]. —
280-287. (In Polish with English abstract).
Tests of multiple molecular markers for the identification of Great Spotted and Syrian Woodpeckers and their hybrids. —