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Differences in prosocial and agonistic behaviours expressed by Colombian and Spanish children and youth during a game session

In: Behaviour
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  • 1 Universidad Externado de Colombia, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales y Humanas, Centro de Investigaciones sobre Dinámica Social — CIDS, Área de Salud, Conocimiento Médico y Sociedad, Laboratorio Interdisciplinar de Ciencias y Procesos Humanos-LINCIPH, Bogota, Colombia
  • | 2 Universidad de La Laguna, Facultad de Ciencias, Sección Biología, Departamento de Biología Animal, Grupo de investigación Etología y Ecología del Comportamiento, Tenerife, Islas Canarias, Spain
  • | 3 Departamento de Matemáticas, Estadística e Investigación Operativa, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de La Laguna, Tenerife, Islas Canarias, Spain
  • | 4 Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente Muñiz (INPRFM), Dirección de Neurociencias, Laboratorio de Cronoecología y Etología Humana, Departamento de Etología, México
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Abstract

We investigated behavioural patterns of school subjects from Colombia and Tenerife (Spain) of 10–12, 13–14 and 15–17 years old (150 per age group), during a crossed puzzle game. We video-recorded all sessions, elaborated an ethogram and classified behavioural patterns within functional categories (Empathy, Help Organizing, Agonistic, Cooperation, Selfishness and Tension-Distension); their frequencies were analyzed by Generalized Linear Mixed Models (GLMM). Results showed significant differences between countries in Help Organizing, Cooperation, Agonistic and Tension-Distension; the same categories except Cooperation differed between age ranges, but no category significantly differed between sexes. GLMM of factor scores from a principal component analysis applied to behavioural categories showed subjects from Colombian schools had significantly lower PC1 factor scores (Empathy, Selfishness and Tension-Distension) than those from Tenerife; the contrary occurred for PC2 (Help Organizing and Cooperation) and no significant difference was found for PC3 (Agonistic and Selfishness). We discuss several potential causes of the differences found.

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