Online submission: Articles for publication in Behaviour can be submitted online through Editorial Manager. To submit an article, click here. As of July 1st 2017, full colour images and figures are published free of charge.

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† F.B.M. de Waal, Atlanta, GA, USA
M.E. Kret, Leiden, The Netherlands
B.D. Wisenden, Moorhead, MN, USA

Managing Editor:
P.C.H. Albers, Groningen, The Netherlands

Technical Editor:
P.C.H. Albers, Groningen, The Netherlands

Associate Editors:
C. Anthony, University Heights, OH, USA
M.E. Benítez, Atlanta, GA, USA
C. Carere, Viterbo, Italy
E. Clotfelter, Amherst, MA, USA
G. De Meester, Antwerp, Belgium
M. Dutour, Perth, Australia
M. Ferrari, Saskatoon, SK, Canada
P.F. Ferrari, Parma, Italy
B. Galletti, Santiago, Chile
D. González Tokman, Xalapa, Ver, México
J. Herberholz, College Park, MD, USA
C.-A.Hickerson, University Heights, OH, USA
C.D. Kelly, Montreal, Canada
S. Leitner, Seewiesen, Germany
L. Lewejohann, Osnabrück, Germany
S. Mahoney, Humboldt, CA, USA
E. Palagi, Pisa, Italy
A.R. Reddon, Liverpool, IK
M. Reudink, Kamloops, BC, Canada
T. Roth, Utrecht, The Netherlands
A. Russon, Toronto, Canada
T. Rymer, Cairns, Qld, Australia
B. Schulte, Bowling Green, KY, USA
I-M. Tso, Taichung, Taiwan
C. Willis, Winnipeg, Canada
A.D.M. Wilson, Sydney, NSW, Australia

Reviews Editor:
M.E. Kret, Leiden, The Netherlands
Call for Manuscripts for a Special issue on Elasmobranch Behaviour and Cognition. Guest Editors: Ila France Porcher and A. Peter Klimle. Deadline: 1 July 2022
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Prof. Frans B.M. de Waal
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Mariska E. Kret
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Brian Wisenden
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Managing Editor:
Paul Albers
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2022 Impact Factor: 1,3
5 Year Impact Factor: 1,4

Behaviour is interested in all aspects of animal (including human) behaviour, from ecology and physiology to learning, cognition, and neuroscience. Evolutionary approaches, which concern themselves with the advantages of behaviour or capacities for the organism and its reproduction, receive much attention both at a theoretical level and as it relates to specific behaviour.

The journal Behaviour has its roots in ethology and behavioural biology (see historical note), in which the emphasis is not so much on how animals compare with humans under strictly controlled conditions (as in comparative psychology), but more on tracing the phylogeny and evolution of natural behaviour as shown under naturalistic or natural conditions. Specialized cognition and communication are part of this approach. Well-controlled laboratory experiments are needed and welcome, but by no means the only approach. Behaviour has a long tradition of publishing systematic observations of spontaneous behaviour.

Behaviour covers the whole animal kingdom, from invertebrates to fish, and from frogs to primates. The study of animal behaviour remains vibrant and keeps attracting young, talented scientists, who will find Behaviour a journal with a quick turn-around time (we strive for first reviews within a month) read by a wide range of students and researchers of animal behaviour.

Historical note: Behaviour was founded by Nobel Prize winner Niko Tinbergen together with W. H. Thorpe, in 1948. In a classical 1963 paper—dedicated to the 60th birthday of that other animal behaviour Nobelist, Konrad Lorenz—Tinbergen proposed that questions relating to why an animal behaves in a particular way can be viewed through four prisms. At the proximate level, we have 1) the causation of behaviour (its underlying motivation, cognition, and emotions), and 2) the behaviour's ontogeny, such as how it develops or is acquired. At the ultimate level, we have 3) the behavior's survival value, and 4) its evolution and phylogeny. Behaviour seeks to cover all four prisms equally.

The editorial board of Behaviour wishes to state unequivocally that it is not our policy to influence the Impact Factor in any way that could be regarded unethical.
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